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The book introduces the fundamentals (principle, structure, characteristics, classification etc.) of control systems. The dynamic behavior are also illustrated in detail. The authors also present the time/ frequency/stability/error response analyses of control system. This book is an essential reference for graduate students, scientists and practitioner in the research fields of mechanical and electrical engineering.
The book provides an overarching perspective on sustainability from a historical, practical and legal perspective. It offers a holistic understanding of economic and ecologic concepts. Schools for sustainable business models are introduced and discussed. As a broader concept Life Cycle Assessments are discussed and examples for their application are provided with a focus on CO2 Footprints. Ecodesign as measures for reducing Carbon Footprints are introduced both for physical products and for service organizations. From an organizational perspective it is clear that managing the reduction of the sustainability-related impact is a matter that has to involve all stakeholders. Tasks for all involved are given and their contributions are described. As it is crucial to provide evidence for the activities reported audits are described as well methods to transfer information to the appropriate stakeholders. The book is targeted at practitioners and students who want to get to know the subject or need to implement the respective measures in companies.
Infinite series are the unifying thread that runs through the history of mathematical analysis. Ever since the 17th century, they have also been inseparably linked to infinitesimal calculus, and form its backbone. This book includes the historical reflections, insights and outlooks that serve to deepen the student's understanding of analysis.
Replacing fossil fuels with renewable resources is a major challenge these days. This book presents the basic science and technologies used to convert terrestrial and aquatic biomass into fuels and chemicals. The value chain for biomass conversion into platform molecules and their transformation into final products are presented in detail.
Metals and Alloys continues the series of graduate textbooks on Industrial Chemistry by Mark A. Benvenuto. It shows the essential industrial applications, processes and chemistry background for the extraction of metals, as well as the production and applications of alloys. The book discusses how large scale and minor processes affect every-day life, challenges in prevention and removal of waste by-products and illustrates selected chemical processes for which efforts have been made to improve and "e;green"e; industrial production of metals and alloys. Sources for metals are sorted by metal and alloy and backed by basic chemical background information and process set up. Overviews on worldwide ore distribution, refined metal and alloy production numbers are another focus of the book. Discusses sources, key processes and applications. Connects what students learn in class to real, large-scale metals chemistry that makes modern life possible. Intended for students, graduate students and beginners in the fiield of Chemistry, Chemical Process Engineering, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science. Visit degruyter.com for more information on books by Mark A. Benvenuto: Industrial Chemistry (2013), Industrial Chemistry: For Advanced Students (2015) and Industrial Inorganic Chemistry (2015). About the Author: Mark Anthony Benvenuto A Fellow of the American Chemical Society, he received his PhD in inorganic chemistry from the University of Virginia. After a post-doctoral fellowship at the Pennsylvania State University, he joined the University of Detroit Mercy, where he is now the Department Chairman and teaches an industrial chemistry course.
This book is a standard work for modern narrative theory. It provides a terminological and theoretical system of reference for future research. The author explains and discusses in detail problems of communication structure and entities of a narrative work, point of view, the relationship between narrators text and characters text, narrativity and eventfulness, and narrative transformations of happenings. The book outlines a theory of narration and analyses central narratological categories such as fiction, mimesis, author, reader, narrator etc. A detailed bibliography and glossary of narratological terms make this book a compendium of narrative theory which is of relevance for scholars and students of all literary disciplines.
Algorithms play a central role both in the theory and in the practice of computing. The goal of the authors was to write a textbook that would not trivialize the subject but would still be readable by most students on their own. The book contains over 120 exercises. Some of them are drills; others make important points about the material covered in the text or introduce new algorithms not covered there. The book also provides programming projects. From the Table of Contents: Chapter 1: Basic knowledge of Mathematics, Relations, Recurrence relation and Solution techniques, Function and Growth of functions. Chapter 2: Different Sorting Techniques and their analysis. Chapter 3: Greedy approach, Dynamic Programming, Brach and Bound techniques, Backtracking and Problems, Amortized analysis, and Order Statics. Chapter 4: Graph algorithms, BFS, DFS, Spanning Tree, Flow Maximization Algorithms. Shortest Path Algorithms. Chapter 5: Binary search tree, Red black Tree, Binomial heap, B-Tree and Fibonacci Heap. Chapter 6: Approximation Algorithms, Sorting Networks, Matrix operations, Fast Fourier Transformation, Number theoretic Algorithm, Computational geometry Randomized Algorithms, String matching, NP-Hard, NP-Completeness, Cooks theorem.
This is the second revised and extendededition of the successful book on the algebraic structure of the Stone-Cech compactification of a discrete semigroup and its combinatorial applications, primarily in the field known as Ramsey Theory. There has been very active research in the subject dealt with by the book in the 12 years which is now included in this edition. This book is a self-contained exposition of the theory of compact right semigroupsfor discrete semigroups and the algebraic properties of these objects. The methods applied in the book constitute a mosaic of infinite combinatorics, algebra, and topology. The reader will find numerous combinatorial applications of the theory, including the central sets theorem, partition regularity of matrices, multidimensional Ramsey theory, and many more.
The contemporary fields of the study of culture, the humanities and the social sciences are unfolding in a dynamic constellation of cultural turns. This book provides a comprehensive overview of these theoretically and methodologically groundbreaking reorientations. It discusses the value of the new focuses and their analytical categories for the work of a wide range of disciplines. In addition to chapters on the interpretive, performative, reflexive, postcolonial, translational, spatial and iconic turns, it discusses emerging directions of research.Drawing on a wealth of international research, this book maps central topics and approaches in the study of culture and thus provides systematic impetus for changed disciplinary and transdisciplinary research in the humanities and beyond - e.g., in the fields of sociology, economics and the study of religion.This work is the English translation by Adam Blauhut of an influential German book that has now been completely revised. It is a stimulating example of a cross-cultural translation between different theoretical cultures and also the first critical synthesis of cultural turns in the English-speaking world.
The Internet and "social media" may initially have been understood as just one more instrument politicians could employ to manage without political parties. This book focuses on this technology.
"e;Steude's book offers a very readable and easy-to-understand presentation of the key concepts of inorganic molecular chemistry. Following an introduction into chemical bonding, the book focuses on the material chemistry of the main group elements."e;Prof. Dr. Michael Ruck, TU Dresden
This book presents digital signal processing theories and methods and their applications in data analysis, error analysis and statistical signal processing. Algorithms and Matlab programming are included to guide readers step by step in dealing with practical difficulties. Designed in a self-contained way, the book is suitable for graduate students in electrical engineering, information science and engineering in general.
The book provides an up-to-date overview of modern control methods based on system models. Linear transformation of state vector, solution of state space model, stable analysis, state feedback and observer are discussed in detail. Throughout the book, computational problems are solved with MATLAB. The book is an essential text for graduate students and researchers in control engineering, mechanical, and electrical engineering.
Works of Faustian music include the ballad The Just Judgment of God shew'd upon Dr. John Faustus, Berlioz's The Damnation of Faust, and Gounod's Faust. Faust themes in the 20th and 21st centuries are represented by Valery's My Faust, Shapiro's The Progress of Faust, Osman Durrani's overview of Faust globalized, and Paul M.
The ever increasing relevance of European law which involves replacement or supplementation of and interaction with national law not only affects the states in Europe but also, and foremost, the citizens.
This book is an introduction to the theory of rings and modules that goes beyond what one normally obtains in a graduate course in abstract algebra. The theme of the text is the interplay between rings and modules. At times rings are investigated by considering given sets of conditions on the modules they admit and at other times rings of a certain type are considered to see what structure is forced on their modules. Standard topics in ring and module theory such as chain conditions on rings and modules, injective and projective modules and semisimple rings are included as well as subjects like category theory and homological algebra. The text also contains presentations on topics such as flat modules and coherent rings, injective envelopes, projective covers and perfect rings, reflexive modules and quasi-Frobenius rings, and graded rings and modules. The book is a self-contained volume written in a very systematic style: allproofs are clear and easy for the reader to understand and allarguments are based on materials contained in the book. A problem sets follow each section. It is assumed that the reader is familiar with concepts such as Zorn's lemma, commutative diagrams and ordinal and cardinal numbers. It is also assumed that the reader has a basic knowledge of rings and their homomorphisms. The text is suitable for graduate and PhD students who have chosen ring theory for their research subject.
Mathematics course with 60 Java-based interactive mathematic simulations by the author Comprehensive and systematically organized collection of 2,000 Java-based physics simulations All simulations are runnable, and can be accessed both on- and offline Visualization of mathematic relationships Facilitates an experiment-based understanding of problems, including suggestions for your own mathematical experiments Calculation procedures can be adjusted in a variety of ways Introduction to simulation techniques with the EJS (Easy Java Simulation) tool Visual interface for simple and transparent modeling and programming Building block library for programming one's own simulations Quick access to simulations from links embedded in the digital text Mathematics is the language of physics and technology. Yet in the age of computers, mathematic skill is not based on mastery of arithmetic. Rather, it depends on understanding relationships in time and space, and expressing them with precise and clear formulas. In this regard, one cannot rely on the rote memorization of rules and formulas - insight and intuitive understanding are crucial. But how can this understanding be achieved in higher mathematics, which depends on abstract concepts such as complex numbers, real and complex infinite series, infinitesimal calculus, 2, 3, and 4 dimensional functions, conformal maps, vectors, and linear and nonlinear ordinary and partial differential equations? The author takes a highly practical approach to facilitating the insight essential for true learning in mathematics. Students can work directly with the simulation programs, can visualize relationships, and creatively interact with the calculation procedures. Proceeding in textbook fashion, the work makes use of a broad palette of multimedia tools, and features numerous interactive calculation programs for mathematical experimentation. Students merely have to select one of the many predefined examples and set the relevant parameters - and in a flash the results are graphically displayed in 2 or 3 dimensions. In addition, the specific functions used can be changed or even newly formulated according to user preferences. For example, a procedure developed for a fourth degree power function for the numerical calculation of zero points can be adapted for use with another function. Each simulation is accompanied by a detailed description, instructions for use, and numerous suggestions for experimentation. The mathematical simulations are based on the Easy Java Simulation (EJS) programming tool. All of the files developed with EJS are completely open and transparent. The user can even draw on the examples as building blocks for the development his or her own calculation procedures. The appendix contains a short introduction to EJS. The work is enriched by a comprehensive collection of cosmological simulations as well as models from the Open Source Physics project, organized by subject area. Intended as a systematic collection of methods and materials for upper-secondary school teachers and as a course for students of physics and mathematics, the work facilitates hands-on and experiment-driven learning in higher mathematics. The print version contains the electronic text and simulations for offline use. For questions concerning download or online access to the simulations, please contact service@degruyter.com.
This Textbook on Indo-European Linguistics is designed as an introduction to the field. It presents current topics and questions in Indo-European linguistics in a clear and informative manner. This is the English translation of the eight edition of the work first published by Hans Krahe and it takes account of more recent research. While Krahe only considered phonology and morphology, the edition also includes a comprehensive account of syntax and lexis. Manfred Mayrhofer assisted with the section of phonology; Matthias Fritz wrote the section on syntax and provided support for the project as a whole.
This textbook is devoted to Combinatorics and Graph Theory, which are cornerstones of Discrete Mathematics. Every section begins with simple model problems. Following their detailed analysis, the reader is led through the derivation of definitions, concepts and methods for solving typical problems. Theorems then are formulated, proved and illustrated by more problems of increasing difficulty. Topics covered include elementary combinatorial constructions, application to probability theory, introduction to graphs and trees with application to hierarchical clustering algorithms, more advanced counting techniques, and existence theorems in combinatorial analysis. The text systematically employs the basic language of set theory. This approach is often useful for solving combinatorial problems, especially problems where one has to identify some objects, and significantly reduces the number of the students' errors; it is demonstrated in the text on many examples. The textbook is suitable for undergraduate and entry-level graduate students of mathematics and computer science, lecturers in these fields, and anyone studying combinatorial methods and graphical models for solving various problems. The book contains more than 700 problems and can be used as a reading and problem book for an independent study seminar or self-education.
This textbook, now in its second revised and extended edition, presents the fundamental ideas and results of both probability theory and statistics. It comprises the material of a one-year course, which is addressed to students of mathematics and to scientists with an interest in the mathematical side of stochastics.The stochastic concepts, models and methods are motivated by examples and then developed and analysed systematically. Some measure theory is included, but this is done at an elementary level that is in accordance with the introductory character of the book. A large number of problems, now in part with solutions, offer applications and supplements to the text.
Progress in low-dimensional topology has been very quick in the last three decades, leading to the solutions of many difficult problems. Among the earlier highlights of this period was Casson's I -invariant that was instrumental in proving the vanishing of the Rohlin invariant of homotopy 3-spheres. The proof of the three-dimensional Poincare conjecture has rendered this application moot but hardly made Casson's contribution less relevant: in fact, a lot of modern day topology, including a multitude of Floer homology theories, can be traced back to his I -invariant. The principal goal of this book, now in its second revised edition, remains providing an introduction to the low-dimensional topology and Casson's theory; it also reaches out, when appropriate, to more recent research topics. The book covers some classical material, such as Heegaard splittings, Dehn surgery, and invariants of knots and links. It then proceeds through the Kirby calculus and Rohlin's theorem to Casson's invariant and its applications, and concludes with a brief overview of recent developments. The book will be accessible to graduate students in mathematics and theoretical physics familiar with some elementary algebraic and differential topology, including the fundamental group, basic homology theory, transversality, and Poincare duality on manifolds.
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