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Proceedings of the 129th Symposium of the International Astronomical Union, held in Cambridge, MA, USA, May 10-15, 1987
The objective of this meeting was to bring together collea gues from different branches of observational astronomy and theoretical astrophysics to discuss and analyse the rapid progress in our knowledge and understanding of the matter surrounding stars, streaming off stellar surfaces, or fall ing onto stars. The meeting was sponsored by IAU Commis sions 36 (Theory of Stellar Atmospheres), 29 (Stellar Spec tra), and 34 (Interstellar Matter). There were two special reasons for organizing this meeting at Heidelberg in 1986: During this year the University of Heidelberg celebrated its 600th anniversary and the IAU symposium joined the many scientific events accompanying this celebration. Secondly, the year 1986 also marked the conclusion of a special co operative research project ("Sonderforschungsbereich") in astrophysics at Heidelberg, a major part of which had been devoted to the physics of circumstellar matter. The main topics discussed at this meeting were: (1) circumstellar matter, bipolar flows, and jets from young stars and protostars; (2) circumstellar envelopes of evolved stars; (3) stellar coronae; (4) stellar winds from hot and cool stars; (5) dust formation and circumstellar chemistry. Many exciting new results were presented in 21 invited or review papers, 26 contributed papers, and 127 poster papers. This symposium would not have been possible without the generous financial assistance of the International Astronomical Union, the German Science Foundation (DFG), and the State Government of Baden-Wurttemberg. The practi cal support of the University of Heidelberq and the Max Planck-Society was also very valuable.
For over 35 years, radio astronomical techniques have made an impressive series of advances in our understanding of solar phenomena. However, although the subject has been partially discussed in "Paris Symposium on Radio Astronomy" in 1958, NASA-GSFC Symposium on "Physics of Solar Flares" in 1963, and the lAU Symposium No. 57 on "Coronal Disturbances" in 1973, there has not been a major international meeting dedicated to "Radio Physics of the Sun". This is the first major symposium on the subject held under the auspices of the International Astronomical Union. It was jointly spon sored by lAU Commission 40, Radio Astronomy, and by lAU Commission 10, Solar Activity. It was also sponsored by the Solar Physics Division of the American Astronomical Society. Thig volume contains the proceedings of this meeting, lAU Symposium No. 86 on "Radio Physics of the Sun" that was held in College Park, Maryland, August 7-10, 1979. The Scientific Organizing Committee of the Symposium consisted of M. R. Kundu (chairman), G. A. Dulk, O. Hachenberg, M. Kuperus, D. J. McLean, D. Melrose, M. Pick, J. L. Steinberg, T. Takakura, A. Tlamicha and V. V. Zheleznyakov. The topics and speakers were chosen in order to emphasize the current observational material with particular reference to centi meter wavelength observations of a few arc-second resolution, fast two-dimensional pictures of the sun at meter-decameter wavelengths and the recent advances in plasma and radiation theory.
The lAU Symposium No. 78, "Nutation and the Earth's Rotation," was held in Y~ev, USSR, from 23 to 28 May, 1977. The Organizing Committee included E. P. Fedorov and R. O. Vicente (Joint Chairmen), W. Fricke, J. Kovalevsky, P. Melchior, N. Pariisky, M. Rochester, C. Sugawa, G. Wilkins and Ya. Yatskiv, who presided over the Local Organizing Com mittee. The meeting was sponsored by Commission 19 and co-sponsored by Commissions 4, 8, and 31. There were 114 registered participants from 14 countries. The main topics covered were as follows: the specification of nutation in the lAU system of astronomical constants; determination of forced nutation and nearly diurnal free polar motion from astronomical observations; expected use of lunar ranging data and long baseline interferometers for precise measurement of the nutation terms; models of the internal constitution of the Earth as the basis of a new theory of nutation; the effect of the ocean and liquid core on the rotation of the Earth; and the interaction between Earth tides and nutation.
G. MICHAUD Dipartement de Physique Universiti de Montrial c. P. 6128, succursale A Montrial, Que. , H3C 317 Canada The aim of IAU Symposium 145 was to use the photospheric abundances of the chemical elements to give us some hint of the past evolution and of the current structure of stars. At the invitation on the Bulgarian Academy o/Sciences, it brought together one hundred and fifty one scientists from 21 countries to 71atni Pjasaci (Golden Sands), Bulgaria, for a five day meeting. The processes discussed included accretion, mass loss, mass exchange, convection, turbulence, meridional circulation, and diffusion in addition to nuclear reactions. Observationally, spectroscopy was involved. New telescopes and instruments have considerably extended the scope of spectroscopy over the last few years. Space telescopes, such as IUE, have allowed the development of far UV spectroscopy. The access to the infrared has proven critical for probing cool stars. Large ground based telescopes have allowed fainter objects to be observed especially when they are equipped with more efficient detectors such as CCDs and Reticons. The co-adding of digitalized photographic plates has extended their usefulness. It has become possible to make high resolution, high signal to noise observations of objects that could only be observed at low resolution in former days. Weak lines can now be measured with accuracy, allowing the precise determination of the abundances of elements as rare as lithium and the determination of precise limits to isotopic ratios.
Much of the excitement in modern Solar Physics has come from the realisation that the Sun is a plasma and that this plasma is interacting with the magnetic field in a wide variety of subtle ways. As well as being of great interest in their own right the observed plasma phenomena on the Sun are of much wider importance, since they reveal to us details of basic phenomena that are expected to be occurring throughout the universe. It was with this in mind that 173 solar physicists from 17 countries gathered together in Bangalore with an air of anticipation. We were not disappointed as we received the warmest of welcomes from our graceful and charming host,Vinod Krishan. She and her colleagues worked tirelessly to make our stay a most memorable one and to ensure that the meeting ran with calm and efficiency. In addition to being stimulated by an excellent series of talks on the up-to-the minute advances in our subject, it was a pleasure to make new friendships from so many countries and to learn, in particular, of the Solar Physics being done in India which has a great tradition and is of a high standard. Furthermore, we enjoyed hearing about Indian culture and appreciating its beauty, especially on our day's tour into the countryside to visit some Hindu and Jain temples.
Proceedings of IAU Symposium No. 41, held in München, Germany, August 10-14, 1970
Proceedings of the 85th Symposium on the International Astronomical Union held in Victoria, B.C., Canada, August 27-30, 1979
Proceedings of the IAU Symposium No. 88 held in Toronto, Canada, August 7-10, 1979979
Proceedings of the 117th Symposium of the International Astronomical Union, held in Princeton, New Jersey, June 24-28, 1985
Proceedings of the 111th Symposium of the International Astronomical Union held at Villa Olmo, Como, Italy, May 24-29, 1984
Proceedings of IAU Symposium No. 70 (Merrill-McLaughlin Memorial Symposium) held at Bass River, Massachusetts, U.S.A., September 15-18, 1975
Proceedings of IAU Symposium No. 35 held in Budapest, Hungary, September 4-8, 1967