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This book, Vol. 6 in the series Topics in Bone Biology, deals with bone develop ment from growth to mineralization. Understanding tissue dev- opment involves combining embryological and histological information with the increasing knowledge from molecular and genetic studies. In each developmental stage, some genes are expressed and others silenced. Disease, especially disease progression, also is characterized by changes in gene expression that then are transmitted to daughter cells. In both situations, the choreography of gene expression and partial or complete silencing often are the result of the interaction between the genome and the epi- nome, i.e., between a very stable set of structures and rapidly changing environmental factors. Chapter 1, by O¿Connor, Farach-Carson, and Schanen, is an overview of the feld and of topics discussed in greater detail in subsequent chapters. After discussing bone development in terms of intramembranous and en- chondral ossifcation, the chapter describes gene expression in osteoblasts and osteoclasts, bone cell coupling, and the regulatory effects of steroid h- mones. Primary genetic defects that lead to various bone diseases ¿ Marfan¿s syndrome, Paget¿s disease, and juvenile osteoporosis, among others ¿ are analyzed. The chapter ends with a section on the epigenetic regulation of bone development, including methylation, histone modifcations, and imprinting. This chapter, like all others, has an extensive bibliography and fgures to illustrate principal points.
This is the 3rd volume in a series of reviews centered on the single major topic of bone replacement, discussing the biology of stem cells and cell signals, the knowledge needed to make stem cell-engineered bone tissue a reality, and how to prevent bone allograft infection.
Bone research in recent years has generated much new knowledge, in large measure because of the broad public health implications of osteoporosis and related bone disorders.
The molecular and cellular approaches to the relationship of joint and bone problems distinguish this from other books on the topic.
There is currently no single book with up to date information on osteoclast function and bone resorption. A useful collection of information, not readily available in a concentrated and convenient form on the market. Provides a comprehensive overview of the field.
This detailed treatment of the endocrine regulation of the skeleton and the disorders stemming from its dysfunction bridges the gap between research and practice. The authoritative coverage provides an overview of the topic as well as the latest knowledge.