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Kvalitative analyseprocesser giver konkret indblik i, hvordan du kan analysere empirisk materiale. Bogen starter der, hvor mange metodebøger stopper: Når du har dit empiriske materiale i hus, hvad gør du så? Analysearbejdet er helt centralt for kvalitativ forskning – det er gennem analyserne, at resultaterne fremkommer. Alligevel er det ofte ret dunkelt, hvordan analysen egentlig er foretaget. Denne bog sætter spot på selve analyseprocessen, de analytiske greb, som er anvendt, og hvordan teoretisk begrebsarbejde har guidet analysen undervejs. På den måde inviterer bogen læseren ind i forskerens værksted og retter fokus på selve analyseprocessen med dens kringlede proces, trin og vildveje, tilrettelæggelse og strategier.Bogen er inddelt i hermeneutiske, poststrukturalistiske og dialektiske analyseperspektiver. Det er imidlertid en væsentlig pointe, at det teoretiske afsæt ikke på nogen entydig måde giver én bestemt analysemetode. Derfor præsenterer bogen forskellige analysetilgange under hver af de tre overskrifter og viser, hvordan man på forskellige måder kan arbejde sig igennem den analytiske proces. Forfatterne tilbyder desuden anvisninger i form af modeller, analytikker og spørgsmål, som man kan lade sig inspirere af, når man skal planlægge og gennemføre sine egne analyser.Kvalitative analyseprocesser henvender sig primært til studerende, der skal analysere kvalitativt empirisk materiale som led i en lang eller mellemlang videregående uddannelse eller et ph.d.-forløb. Den er især anvendelig indenfor det pædagogisk-psykologiske felt og beslægtede områder. De beskrevne analyseprocesser har dog samme relevans udover disse felter, og bogen kan derfor anvendes af alle, som ønsker at blive klædt bedre på til at gennemføre teoretisk informerede kvalitative analyser.
Higher special functions emerge from boundary eigenvalue problems of Fuchsian differential equations with more than three singularities. This detailed reference provides solutions for singular boundary eigenvalue problems of linear ordinary differential equations of second order, exploring previously unknown methods for finding higher special functions. Starting from the fact that it is the singularities of a differential equation that determine the local, as well as the global, behaviour of its solutions, the author develops methods that are both new and efficient and lead to functional relationships that were previously unknown. All the developments discussed are placed within their historical context, allowing the reader to trace the roots of the theory back through the work of many generations of great mathematicians. Particular attention is given to the work of George Cecil Jaffé, who laid the foundation with the calculation of the quantum mechanical energy levels of the hydrogen molecule ion.
Over the course of his distinguished career, Jörg Eschmeier made a number of fundamental contributions to the development of operator theory and related topics. The chapters in this volume, compiled in his memory, are written by distinguished mathematicians and pay tribute to his many significant and lasting achievements.
This book discusses, develops and applies the theory of Vilenkin-Fourier series connected to modern harmonic analysis.The classical theory of Fourier series deals with decomposition of a function into sinusoidal waves. Unlike these continuous waves the Vilenkin (Walsh) functions are rectangular waves. Such waves have already been used frequently in the theory of signal transmission, multiplexing, filtering, image enhancement, code theory, digital signal processing and pattern recognition. The development of the theory of Vilenkin-Fourier series has been strongly influenced by the classical theory of trigonometric series. Because of this it is inevitable to compare results of Vilenkin-Fourier series to those on trigonometric series. There are many similarities between these theories, but there exist differences also. Much of these can be explained by modern abstract harmonic analysis, which studies orthonormal systems from the point of view of the structure of a topological group.The first part of the book can be used as an introduction to the subject, and the following chapters summarize the most recent research in this fascinating area and can be read independently. Each chapter concludes with historical remarks and open questions. The book will appeal to researchers working in Fourier and more broad harmonic analysis and will inspire them for their own and their students' research. Moreover, researchers in applied fields will appreciate it as a sourcebook far beyond the traditional mathematical domains.
The monograph is devoted to the use of the moduli method in mapping theory, in particular, the meaning of direct and inverse modulus inequalities and their possible applications. The main goal is the development of a modulus technique in the Euclidean space and some metric spaces (manifolds, surfaces, quotient spaces, etc.). Particular attention is paid to the local and boundary behavior of mappings, as well as to obtaining modulus inequalities for some classes. The reader is invited to familiarize himself with all the main achievements of the author, synthesized in this book. The results presented here are of a high scientific level, are new and have no analogues in the world with such a degree of generality.
This monograph presents a comprehensive, self-contained, and novel approach to the Divergence Theorem through five progressive volumes. Its ultimate aim is to develop tools in Real and Harmonic Analysis, of geometric measure theoretic flavor, capable of treating a broad spectrum of boundary value problems formulated in rather general geometric and analytic settings. The text is intended for researchers, graduate students, and industry professionals interested in applications of harmonic analysis and geometric measure theory to complex analysis, scattering, and partial differential equations.Volume I establishes a sharp version of the Divergence Theorem (aka Fundamental Theorem of Calculus) which allows for an inclusive class of vector fields whose boundary trace is only assumed to exist in a nontangential pointwise sense.
Analysis at Large is dedicated to Jean Bourgain whose research has deeply influenced the mathematics discipline, particularly in analysis and its interconnections with other fields. In this volume, the contributions made by renowned experts present both research and surveys on a wide spectrum of subjects, each of which pay tribute to a true mathematical pioneer. Examples of topics discussed in this book include Bourgain's discretized sum-product theorem, his work in nonlinear dispersive equations, the slicing problem by Bourgain, harmonious sets, the joint spectral radius, equidistribution of affine random walks, Cartan covers and doubling Bernstein type inequalities, a weighted Prekopa-Leindler inequality and sumsets with quasicubes, the fractal uncertainty principle for the Walsh-Fourier transform, the continuous formulation of shallow neural networks as Wasserstein-type gradient flows, logarithmic quantum dynamical bounds for arithmetically defined ergodic Schrodinger operators, polynomial equations in subgroups, trace sets of restricted continued fraction semigroups, exponential sums, twisted multiplicativity and moments, the ternary Goldbach problem, as well as the multiplicative group generated by two primes in Z/QZ.It is hoped that this volume will inspire further research in the areas of analysis treated in this book and also provide direction and guidance for upcoming developments in this essential subject of mathematics.
This contributed volume showcases the most significant results obtained from the DFG Priority Program on Compressed Sensing in Information Processing. Topics considered revolve around timely aspects of compressed sensing with a special focus on applications, including compressed sensing-like approaches to deep learning; bilinear compressed sensing - efficiency, structure, and robustness; structured compressive sensing via neural network learning; compressed sensing for massive MIMO; and security of future communication and compressive sensing.
This proceedings volume gathers selected, peer-reviewed papers presented at the 41st International Conference on Infinite Dimensional Analysis, Quantum Probability and Related Topics (QP41) that was virtually held at the United Arab Emirates University (UAEU) in Al Ain, Abu Dhabi, from March 28th to April 1st, 2021. The works cover recent developments in quantum probability and infinite dimensional analysis, with a special focus on applications to mathematical physics and quantum information theory. Covered topics include white noise theory, quantum field theory, quantum Markov processes, free probability, interacting Fock spaces, and more. By emphasizing the interconnection and interdependence of such research topics and their real-life applications, this reputed conference has set itself as a distinguished forum to communicate and discuss new findings in truly relevant aspects of theoretical and applied mathematics, notably in the field of mathematical physics, as well as an event of choice for the promotion of mathematical applications that address the most relevant problems found in industry. That makes this volume a suitable reading not only for researchers and graduate students with an interest in the field but for practitioners as well.
This book surveys the foundations of the theory of slice regular functions over the quaternions, introduced in 2006, and gives an overview of its generalizations and applications.As in the case of other interesting quaternionic function theories, the original motivations were the richness of the theory of holomorphic functions of one complex variable and the fact that quaternions form the only associative real division algebra with a finite dimension n>2. (Slice) regular functions quickly showed particularly appealing features and developed into a full-fledged theory, while finding applications to outstanding problems from other areas of mathematics. For instance, this class of functions includes polynomials and power series. The nature of the zero sets of regular functions is particularly interesting and strictly linked to an articulate algebraic structure, which allows several types of series expansion and the study of singularities. Integral representation formulas enrich the theory and are fundamental to the construction of a noncommutative functional calculus. Regular functions have a particularly nice differential topology and are useful tools for the construction and classification of quaternionic orthogonal complex structures, where they compensate for the scarcity of conformal maps in dimension four.This second, expanded edition additionally covers a new branch of the theory: the study of regular functions whose domains are not axially symmetric. The volume is intended for graduate students and researchers in complex or hypercomplex analysis and geometry, function theory, and functional analysis in general.
This book presents a machine-generated literature overview of quaternion integral transforms from select papers published by Springer Nature, which have been organized and introduced by the book¿s editor. Each chapter presents summaries of predefined themes and provides the reader with a basis for further exploration of the topic. As one of the experimental projects initiated by Springer Nature for AI book content generation, this book shows the latest developments in the field. It will be a useful reference for students and researchers who are interested in exploring the latest developments in quaternion integral transforms.
Topics in Modal Analysis & Testing, Volume 8: Proceedings of the 40th IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics, 2022, the eighth volume of nine from the Conference, brings together contributions to this important area of research and engineering. The collection presents early findings and case studies on fundamental and applied aspects of Modal Analysis, including papers on:Operational Modal & Modal Analysis ApplicationsExperimental TechniquesModal Analysis, Measurements & Parameter EstimationModal Vectors & ModelingBasics of Modal AnalysisAdditive Manufacturing & Modal Testing of Printed Parts
This volume presents a completely self-contained introduction to the elaborate theory of locally compact quantum groups, bringing the reader to the frontiers of present-day research. The exposition includes a substantial amount of material on functional analysis and operator algebras, subjects which in themselves have become increasingly important with the advent of quantum information theory. In particular, the rather unfamiliar modular theory of weights plays a crucial role in the theory, due to the presence of 'Haar integrals' on locally compact quantum groups, and is thus treated quite extensivelyThe topics covered are developed independently, and each can serve either as a separate course in its own right or as part of a broader course on locally compact quantum groups. The second part of the book covers crossed products of coactions, their relation to subfactors and other types of natural products such as cocycle bicrossed products, quantum doubles and doublecrossed products. Induced corepresentations, Galois objects and deformations of coactions by cocycles are also treated. Each section is followed by a generous supply of exercises. To complete the book, an appendix is provided on topology, measure theory and complex function theory.
In this monograph, for elliptic systems with block structure in the upper half-space and t-independent coefficients, the authors settle the study of boundary value problems by proving compatible well-posedness of Dirichlet, regularity and Neumann problems in optimal ranges of exponents. Prior to this work, only the two-dimensional situation was fully understood. In higher dimensions, partial results for existence in smaller ranges of exponents and for a subclass of such systems had been established. The presented uniqueness results are completely new, and the authors also elucidate optimal ranges for problems with fractional regularity data.The first part of the monograph, which can be read independently, provides optimal ranges of exponents for functional calculus and adapted Hardy spaces for the associated boundary operator. Methods use and improve, with new results, all the machinery developed over the last two decades to study such problems: the Kato square root estimates and Riesz transforms, Hardy spaces associated to operators, off-diagonal estimates, non-tangential estimates and square functions, and abstract layer potentials to replace fundamental solutions in the absence of local regularity of solutions.
This book may serve as a basis for students and teachers. The text should provide the reader with a quick overview of the basics for Optimal Control and the link with some important conceptes of applied mathematical, where an agent controls underlying dynamics to find the strategy optimizing some quantity. There are broad applications for optimal control across the natural and social sciences, and the finale to this text is an invitation to read current research on one such application. The balance of the text will prepare the reader to gain a solid understanding of the current research they read.
This book gives a comprehensive introduction to those parts of the theory of elliptic integrals and elliptic functions which provide illuminating examples in complex analysis, but which are not often covered in regular university courses. These examples form prototypes of major ideas in modern mathematics and were a driving force of the subject in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. In addition to giving an account of the main topics of the theory, the book also describes many applications, both in mathematics and in physics. For the reader¿s convenience, all necessary preliminaries on basic notions such as Riemann surfaces are explained to a level sufficient to read the book.For each notion a clear motivation is given for its study, answering the question ¿Why do we consider such objects?¿, and the theory is developed in a natural way that mirrors its historical development (e.g., ¿If there is such and such an object, then you would surely expect this one¿). This feature sets this text apart from other books on the same theme, which are usually presented in a different order. Throughout, the concepts are augmented and clarified by numerous illustrations. Suitable for undergraduate and graduate students of mathematics, the book will also be of interest to researchers who are not familiar with elliptic functions and integrals, as well as math enthusiasts.
This textbook, based on a one-semester course taught several times by the authors, provides a self-contained, comprehensive yet concise introduction to the theory of pseudoholomorphic curves. Gromov¿s nonsqueezing theorem in symplectic topology is taken as a motivating example, and a complete proof using pseudoholomorphic discs is presented. A sketch of the proof is discussed in the first chapter, with succeeding chapters guiding the reader through the details of the mathematical methods required to establish compactness, regularity, and transversality results. Concrete examples illustrate many of the more complicated concepts, and well over 100 exercises are distributed throughout the text. This approach helps the reader to gain a thorough understanding of the powerful analytical tools needed for the study of more advanced topics in symplectic topology.This text can be used as the basis for a graduate course, and it is also immensely suitable for independentstudy. Prerequisites include complex analysis, differential topology, and basic linear functional analysis; no prior knowledge of symplectic geometry is assumed.This book is also part of the Virtual Series on Symplectic Geometry.
A Simple Approach to SurdThis is an Easy to understand Review and self-teaching Practice workbook on Surds. It consist of lots of examples on Surd Analysis. The book will also enhance your knowledge in mathematics. Learn more and Increase your maths' skills on... Rational and Irrational Numbers Introduction to Surds Rules of Surd Evaluation of Surd Operations with Surd Conjugate of Binomial Surd Rationalising the Surd Equation Solution of Binomial SurdImprove your maths' skill by grabbing a copy
Over the course of a scientific career spanning more than fifty years, Alex Grossmann (1930-2019) made many important contributions to a wide range of areas including, among others, mathematics, numerical analysis, physics, genetics, and biology. His lasting influence can be seen not only in his research and numerous publications, but also through the relationships he cultivated with his collaborators and students. This edited volume features chapters written by some of these colleagues, as well as researchers whom Grossmann¿s work and way of thinking has impacted in a decisive way. Reflecting the diversity of his interests and their interdisciplinary nature, these chapters explore a variety of current topics in quantum mechanics, elementary particles, and theoretical physics; wavelets and mathematical analysis; and genomics and biology. A scientific biography of Grossmann, along with a more personal biography written by his son, serve as an introduction. Also included are the introduction to his PhD thesis and an unpublished paper coauthored by him. Researchers working in any of the fields listed above will find this volume to be an insightful and informative work.
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