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”Da min far døde, kom jeg i tanke om tiden efter min mors død, at han tog mig på en rejse til Ægypten dengang. Jeg tænkte, okay, når du også skal dø nu, og hvis jeg ikke kan gøre andet, så må jeg tage dig til Ægypten” siger Harald Voetmann. Amduat. En iltmaskine er en sammenskrivning af to fortællinger. Den ene handler om den ægyptiske solguds rejse gennem dødsriget om natten. Den fortælling er malet på gravvægge i Kongernes Dal og kaldes Amduat, “det, som findes i underverdenen”. Den anden fortælling er om en mand, som dør af en lungebetændelse på Holbæk Sygehus. Bogen er skrevet i hånden af Harald Voetmann.
Oplev det gamle Egypten med dette enestående opslagsværk over mytologier og legender fra Egypten, Persien og Babylon.Bogen indeholder mere end 150 forskellige artikler, som beskriver de centrale mytiske figurer i hver religion eller kultur og deres betydning for folkeslagene i oldtiden. Læseren får fremragende billeder og illustrationer. De understøtter de spændende historier og behandler de særlige temaer og symboler som er helt centrale for hver kultur - se eksempler på hellige dyr, engle, underverdener og veje til guderne. Egyptisk Mytologi er skrevet i en levende og informativ stil af en af vor tids største eksperter indenfor området.En enestående og uundværlig håndbog om de spændende beretninger og gamle legender i denne del af verden. Bogen kan læses af både unge og ældre - og hvis ikke du allerede har en passion indenfor området, er dette vejen dertil.
This volume is the first in a planned edition of the complete corpus of ancient Mesopotamian god lists. It contains the lists "An = Anum" (including its forerunners) and "An = Anu Sa ameli" along with several similar, more-or-less fragmentary lists. The god list An = Anum was, with its ca. 2000 entries, the most comprehensive list of its kind. It is systematically organized and contains explanations both of individual deities and of certain groups of deities. The textual witnesses also provide, to a varying degree, pronunciation and translation glosses. In this edition each list is presented as a composite reconstructed text with translation, critical apparatus, and synoptic table of the textual witnesses, followed in each case by a philological commentary. In addition, the textual witnesses are transliterated individually. Names, words, and glosses are made accessible through detailed indexes. Hand copies and photographs of previously unpublished sources conclude the volume.
The Only Resource on Egyptian Deities You'll Ever Need Discover ancient Egypt, how its deities were worshipped, and how people still honor them today with this innovative and extensive encyclopedia. Dr. Tamara L. Siuda presents comprehensive profiles of more than one hundred Egyptian gods, goddesses, demigods, and other divine beings, including: Amun and Amun-Ra - Anat and Astarte - Antinous - Anubis - Apedemak - Bes - The Four Sons of Horus - Geb - Hapy - Hathor - Heka - Horus - Imhotep - Isis - Khepera - Khnum - Khonsu - Ma'at - Mandulis - Mut - Nefertem - Neith - Nephthys - Nut - Osiris - Ptah - Ra - Sekhmet - Serqet - Set - Sobek - Taweret - Thoth - Wadjet - Wepwawet Exhaustively researched and featuring modern devotional perspectives that are rarely covered in other works, this premium book provides descriptions and illustrations of famous and lesser-known Netjeru (deities) as well as guest gods from Nubia, Libya, and the Levant who became part of the Egyptian pantheon. Each entry includes a remarkable cache of information, including the deity's personality, forms and symbols, relatives, name in hieroglyphs, festivals, worship areas, and more. From Bast to Harmachis (the spirit that resides in the Giza Sphinx), this book contains everything you would ever want to know about studying and celebrating Egyptian spirituality. A culmination of Dr. Siuda's lifelong devotion to the Netjeru, The Complete Encyclopedia of Egyptian Deities will be a cherished addition to your library for years to come. Includes a foreword by Normandi Ellis, author of Awakening Osiris and The Union of Isis and Thoth
Is the Hebrew Bible purely a product of Jerusalem or were there various social groups who each played a role in its development during the Second Temple period? This is the guiding question of the present volume, which fills a crucial gap in recent research by combining current literary-historical, redactional and text-historical analysis of the Hebrew Bible with the latest results pertaining to the pluriform social and religious shape of early Judaism. For the first time, the thirteen articles in this volume address the phenomenon of religious plurality by bringing together archaeological, (religious-) historical, and literary-critical approaches. The articles by internationally renowned scholars cover the panorama of currently known social groups of Yahwistic character and the impact of this phenomenon on the making of the Hebrew Bible - from the Persian period to the time of Qumran.
The Late Middle Kingdom and the Second Intermediate Period were the heyday for scarab seals with names in Ancient Egypt. During this time, names of kings and non-royal individuals occur on hundreds of scarabs and their impressions making scarabs one of the primary groups of written sources for the period. This book explores research paths opened by confronting the textual evidence provided by scarabs with the stylistic and typological traits observable on them in an effort to recontextualize these miniature decorative objects, most of which stem from mass-scale undocumented plundering in the late 19th and early 20th century.The book takes a new perspective on scarab production in Egypt showing that different types of scarabs were produced concurrently, and the production of scarabs was not limited to a single centre at a given period. It amends the methodology of studying Middle Bronze Age scarabs in Egypt to acknowledge that artisans purposefully reproduced certain scarab styles. The study contributes to the ongoing discussions on the chronology of the Second Intermediate Period, Egypt's interconnections with the Levant and the role of foreigners in Egypt in the Middle Kingdom.
Den dristige amatørarkæolog Nicholas befinder sig, sammen med den kvindelige arkæolog Royan, i Etiopien, hvor de leder febrilsk efter farao Mamoses grav. Til at hjælpe sig har de udskriften fra den syvende skriftrulle, som slaven Taita udformede 4000 år før i forbindelse med begravelsen.Men slaven Taita var klog. For at undgå, at gravrøvere skulle opdage den hemmelighed, som han og hans elskede Dronning Lostris af Egypten havde, er skriftrullen fyldt med gåder og forhindringer. Nicholas og Royan får deres sag for, når de skal finde Mamoses grav med konkurrerende og skruppelløse arkæologer lige i hælene."Den syvende skriftrulle" udkom første gang i 1995.Wilbur Smith er født i Zimbabwe (det tidligere Rhodesia) i 1933. Han er britisk statsborger og vidt berejst. Han har udgivet over 30 bøger, der i gennemsnit hver har solgt over tre millioner eksemplarer. Wilbur Smith er hjemme i sit stof, hvad enten han skriver om den oprindelige befolkning, de hvide afrikanere eller om stammetraditioner i Afrika. Han er kendt for sin utroligt omhyggelige research og for sine medrivende naturbeskrivelser.
A fully illustrated catalogue and in-depth iconographical, technological and typological analysis of the entire corpus of cartonnage found at Kellis, Dakhleh Oasis, Egypt
The Egyptian Book of GatesTranslated into English by Erik Hornung in collaboration with Theodor AbtThe Egyptian Book of Gates is the second large Pharaonic Book of the Afterlife after The Egyptian Amduat.The revised English translation is based on the German edition, edited by Erik Hornung. The hieroglyphs and transcriptions are given on the basis of a collation of the extant texts found in different tombs. The main illustrations of the text come from the sarcophagus of Seti I. The 100 scenes of the Book of Gates are furthermore represented with one or more colored illustrations, originating from different sources.With an Introduction by Theodor Abt. Contains Bibliography and Index.
Through a presentation of classic egyptological works, with a new introduction, this gorgeous Collector's Edition brings the stories of the ancients to life, from the birth of creation by the sun god Ra, the murder of Osiris, and the revenge of Horus, to the underworld and afterlife. The Egyptian pantheon of gods still holds our fascination today.
Die Göttin Ma'at ist die wichtigste Göttin, wenn man das Weltbild der Ägypter zur Zeit der Pharaonen verstehen will. Sie ist ein Aspekt der Muttergöttin und zugleich die Verkörperung der Richtigkeit. Diese Richtigkeit ist die Grundlage der Effektivität und sie ist die Kausalität, die Analogien, die Weisheit, die Schönheit, die gegenseitige Hilfe, die Tradition, die Gerechtigkeit, die Grundlage der Magie usw. Der persönliche Anteil an der Ma'at ist die Seele im eigenen Herzchakra, die über die eigenen Entschlüsse und die eigenen Worte auch die Quelle der Magie und allgemein des Erfolges ist. Sie ist vor allem mit dem Sonnengott Re verbunden, aber auch noch mit einigen anderen Gottheiten wie Osiris, Ptah, Amun, Thot, Hathor usw. Sie ist auch die wichtigste Gottheit beim Jenseitsgericht. Der Blickwinkel, unter dem Ma'at die Welt betrachtet, ist heute wieder aktuell geworden - er findet sich unter neuen Namen z.B. als die "Eleganz" mathematischer Theorien und physikalischer Formeln, als die Notwendigkeit der Zusammenarbeit in einer globalisierten Welt und als die Solidarität mit unterdrückten Personen und Völkern.
Devotion to Artemis dominated the religious culture of ancient Ephesos. But she was not alone. The city of Ephesos and its environs offered a rich panoply of religious options, domestic and public. Structures, statutes, coins, inscriptions, and texts testify to the remarkable diversity of religious ideas and practices in Ephesos. Greek, Roman, Egyptian, and Jewish religious traditions found loyal adherents among residents and visitors. Gods, goddesses, heroes, and emperors were worshipped. The contributions in this volume demonstrate that ancient Ephesos was a vibrant and competitive religious environment.
Alexandria was one of the main hubs of the Hellenistic world and a cultural and religious "kaleidoscope." Merchants and migrants, scientists and scholars, philosophers, and religious innovators from all over the world and from all social backgrounds came to this ancient metropolis and exchanged their goods, views, and dreams. Accordingly, Alexandria became a place where Hellenistic, Egyptian, Jewish, and early Christian identities all emerged, coexisted, influenced, and rivaled each other. In order to meet the diversity of Alexandria's urban life and to do justice to the variety of literary and non-literary documents that bear witness to this, the volume examines the processes of identity formation from a range of different academic perspectives. Thus, the present volume gathers together twenty-six contributions from the realm of archaeology, ancient history, classical philology, religious studies, philosophy, the Old Testament, narratology, Jewish studies, papyrology, and the New Testament.
Der vorliegende Sammelband untersucht die Konzepte, Methoden und Inhalte der Auslegung autoritativer religiöser Texte in Antike und Mittelalter. Diese Texte sind Ausgangs- und Ansatzpunkte in Unterweisungen, die zur Orientierung und Identitätsbildung dienen, dem Einzelnen ebenso wie Gemeinschaften und Gesellschaften. Fachvertreterinnen und Fachvertreter unterschiedlicher Disziplinen - aus Geschichte, Philologie, Orientalistik, Religionswissenschaft und Theologie - spüren der vielfältigen Bedeutung der oft "heilig" genannten Schriften für Bildung und Erziehung nach. Sie beleuchten die Rolle, die diese Texte für Lehre und Lernen in ihren Ursprungskulturen hatten und haben. Darüber hinaus zeigen sie interkulturelle Bezüge auf, die heute für Diskussionen um Bildung und Religion in den multikulturellen Demokratien Europas höchst relevant sind.
The present volume contains the proceedings of a conference held in October 2018 at Humboldt University Berlin. The articles reflect the different categories of describing Judaism of the Second Temple Period in view of their sustainability in characterising an ancient religious community in different historical situations and discuss relevant (re)constructions of ancient Judaism in the history of scholarship. Since the Persian period, ancient Judaism existed in a world which was in constant flux regarding its political, social, and religious contexts. Consequently, Judaism was subject to permanent processes of change in its self-perception as well as its external perception. In all complexity, however, the Torah, the Temple(s) as a place where heaven meets the earth, and the 'holy' or 'promised' land as the dwelling place of God's people can be regarded as institutions to which all kinds of Judaism in the Babylonian and Egyptian dispora as well in Israel/Palestine were related in some way or another.
In this study, Allison L. Gray analyzes three biographical narratives by the fourth-century Christian theologian Gregory of Nyssa (335-395 CE). When the Life of Moses, the Life of Macrina, and the Life of Gregory Thaumaturgus are examined in light of Greco-Roman rhetoric, biography, hagiography, and the history of education, it becomes evident that Gregory's attention to audience is critical to understanding the texts' form and function. Gregory recounts the lives of exemplary figures to inform his readers about lived virtue while simultaneously preparing them to be skilled readers and interpreters. He adopts and adapts familiar rhetorical and literary techniques to imagine, construct, and teach a new sort of ideal audience, training Christians to interpret Scripture. This study contributes to a more complete picture of how early Christian biographical writing shaped an emerging Christian paideia.
Research on the Book of Jeremiah has gained momentum in the past forty years and led to new results. The differences between the MT and the LXX have received more attention than ever. The extent of Deuteronomistic thinking and of redactions marks the debate on the composition of the book. It has become evident that the Book of Jeremiah intensively picks up earlier sources and offers a synthesis of them, comparable to a mosaic. It concentrates on the downfall of Jerusalem, conceives anew the prophet's role in the figure of Jeremiah and portrays the biblical God in a unique way. This collection of studies by Georg Fischer from the past ten years imparts insights into the recent discussions about the Book of Jeremiah.
The most important objects in the Hebrew Bible are a wooden box, styled in English "the ark" or "the ark of the covenant", and two statues of winged creatures, "the cherubim", that surmount it. Raanan Eichler attempts to understand these objects using the full gamut of data and tools available to the modern scholar. The study features an abundance of visual comparative material, much of it in colour, with a particularly close examination of the finds from the tomb of Pharaoh Tutankhamun. The author proposes solutions to a number of unsolved puzzles, such as the question of what cherubim looked like, and offers a new explanation of the nature of the ark and the cherubim, rejecting the prevailing scholarly view of them as having constituted an "empty throne" and footstool for the God of Israel. Rather, he argues, they constituted an empty frame, a unique cultic focus that surpassed all known systems in the ancient Near East in the extent of the efforts it represented to prevent an anthropomorphic conception of the deity in a cultic context.
Scholarly interest in intersections between Jews and Syriac Christians has experienced a boom in recent years. This is the result of a series of converging trends in the study of both groups and their cultural productions. The present volume contributes to this developing conversation by collecting sixteen studies that investigate a wide range of topics, from questions of origins to the development of communal boundaries, from social interactions to shared historical conditions, involving Jews and Syriac Christians over the first millennium CE. These studies not only reflect the current state of the question, but they also signal new ways forward for future work that crosses disciplinary boundaries between the fields of Jewish Studies and Syriac Studies, in some cases even dismantling those boundaries altogether.
Sixteen hundred years after her death (d. 415 CE), the legacy of Hypatia of Alexandria's life, teaching, and especially her violent demise, continue to influence modern culture. Through a series of focused articles, this volume takes a fresh look at the most well-known ancient female philosopher under three aspects: first, through the evidence provided by her most famous pupil, Synesius of Cyrene; next, by placing her in her late antique cultural context, and, finally, through analysis of her reception both ancient and modern. Though the sources are meager, Hypatia's influence on her students and wider culture guaranteed that she remained an important figure throughout the centuries, albeit one ranging from chaste Neoplatonist to conniving witch. Along with its eleven new essays, this volume also includes a new translation of all the principal ancient sources touching on Hypatia.
A constant re-evaluation of the new archaeological and textual material unearthed and edited in recent decades is a recurrent duty of ancient and modern scholars. Since the overwhelming amount of available data and the complexity of new methodologies can be competently handled only by specialized scholars, such a re-evaluation is no longer possible for a single scholar. For this reason, archaeologists, cuneiform and biblical scholars as well as classicists joined forces at an international conference in Rome in May 2017 to share their accumulated knowledge. The results of the proceedings are presented here in the oral stage along with the Assyrian, Babylonian, Persian, and Greco-Roman periods.