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This book details the state-of-the-art methodological advances for delineating the toxicology and working mechanisms of nanomaterials, microplastics, fine aerosol particulates (PM2.5) as well as emerging organic pollutants. It also provides latest computational approaches for toxicity prediction and risk assessment of nanoscale materials which possess realistic chances to enter the environment and human organism. Written by leading scientists at the frontiers of environmental science and nanomedicine, this book is intended for both young researchers and experienced professionals working in the fields of environmental protection, human health and occupational safety, nanotechnology, material science and nanomedicine, as well as graduate students majoring in environmental and health sciences.
This book covers artificial intelligence and ubiquitous cities. It discusses the applications of the relevant tools in bringing revolutionary new lives to mankind. It showcases various applications of artificial intelligence in benefiting human society. For example, AI classification shortens the human time required for classifying court cases; humanoid robots help us perform heavy-duty jobs like humans, connect all the smart home devices, and take care of the kids and the elderly. It also presents the application of AutoML to predict housing prices.
This book develops several novel foam-filled structures and steel-concrete-steel (SCS) sandwich structures, which provides more alternatives for ensuring the safety of buildings and infrastructures under extreme loading, like impact and blast. In the first part of this book, the aluminium foam- and polyurethane foam-filled structures have been developed for dissipating impact and blast energy. Experimental and numerical studies have been conducted to obtain their behaviours under impact loading. In addition, analytical models have also been proposed to assess their energy absorption performances and facilitate the impact and blast design when using the proposed foam-filled structures. In the second part of this book, SCS sandwich structures with novel shear connectors have been developed and their behaviours under impact and blast loading have been experimentally, numerically and analytical studied. Analytical models for predicting the impact and blast responses of SCS sandwich structures have also been developed. In the third part of this book, a new steel-polyurethane foam-steel-concrete-steel (SPUFSCS) panel (i.e. the combination of foam material and SCS panel) has been developed to achieve a higher impact resistant capacity. Owing to the increasing impact and blast threats on buildings and infrastructures, the studies presented in this book are of significant importance for providing several new solutions for impact and blast enhancement.
This book covers the details of computer-aided tools & techniques for improving work culture and minimizing accidents. The construction industry has been considered for employing the highest number of workmen but at the same time, it is also known as a poorly organized sector because of peculiarity in construction. Since construction project activity keeps changing on an hourly basis, it becomes difficult to manage the safety of workers or workplace and therefore, it stands as the second accident-prone industry. Several tools and techniques are introduced in controlling construction accidents concerning time and improvements are recorded. This book has briefly covered various challenges encountered, gaps in implementation, technological developments, and various methods/techniques to reduce construction accidents and highlights of research need for overall improvement of safety. This book is essentially helpful for students, researchers, faculty, and industry professionals.
This book contains diverse topics relevant to earthquake engineering and technology. The chapters are of interest to readers from various disciplines, as the different chapters discuss popular topics on earthquake engineering and allied disciplines. The chapters have adequate illustrations and tables for clarifying underlying concepts. The reader can understand the fundamental concepts easily, and the book is highly useful for practice in the field in addition to classroom learning.
This book presents the proceedings of the International Conference on Health, Safety, Fire, Environment, and Allied Sciences 2020. It highlights latest developments in the field of science and technology aimed at improving health and safety in the workplace. The volume comprises content from leading scientists, engineers, and policy makers discussing issues relating to industrial safety, fire hazards and their management in industry, forests and other settings. Also dealt with are issues of occupational health in engineering, process and agricultural industry and protection against incidents of arson and terror attacks. The contents of this volume will be of interest to researchers, practitioners, and policy makers alike.
This book presents the results of a novel investigation into building deterioration and defects in Malaysia's public schools. It sets forth an in-depth theoretical and empirical underpinning the maintenance management of public schools with the view to develop a building deterioration prediction model of building condition based on factors contributing to building defects for school buildings. The approach adopted is mixed method encompassing archived documentation, questionnaire survey and interview of sampled schools in Malaysia. It presents a number of useful tables, graphs and statistical analysis which are useful in understanding the factors contributing to building defects under reference. The prediction model assists the decision making of maintenance management to be more efficient with comprehensive budgeting as well as optimal maintenance and repair work. The book is of relevance to school managers, maintenance management practitioners and academics towards measuring and improving the building condition in schools.
This book comprises selected papers on advances in the field of health and environment safety that were presented at the International Conference on Advances in the field of Health, Safety, Fire, Environment, Allied sciences and engineering (HSFEA 2020). This book presents a number of research papers which focuses on basic concept of sustainable development and its role in modern world for clean development technology. The book also presents methods that can be used to effectively monitor and measure climate change and global warming. Further, the contents of this work stress the importance of maintaining safety and healthy work environments that are free of occupational health hazards. This book will be of interest to researchers, professionals, and policy makers alike.
This engineering guide provides a methodology to define and quantify the fire development andensuing conditions within the room of fire origin from the fire's incipient stage through its fulldevelopment. The approach presented in this guide was developed using the framework set forthin the SFPE Engineering Guide to Performance-Based Fire Protection. 2nd ed., Quincy, Mass.:National Fire Protection Association, 2007.)It consists of three distinct parts:1. Approach selection2. Input definition and data collection3. Results computationSpecifically, this guide was developed for use as a means to implement the requirements presented in Chapter 10 of the SFPE Engineering Guide to Performance-Based Fire Protection. However, material within this guide has broader applicability and is therefore not limited to performance-based design applications.
This book provides a comprehensive overview of deaths and injuries from residential fires as well as the most up to date information on evidence-based approaches to reduce this problem. The volume serves as a guide for professionals working in the field of fire prevention and as a textbook for instruction in universities and fire service schools. The authors' interdisciplinary approach, where public health methodology is combined with fire protection engineering, medicine, and policy science, is quite distinctive outside of the technical literature devoted to larger scale fire events. Traditional textbooks on fire protection tend to describe the problem as purely technical, whereas in essence it is a problem of human vulnerability. In this book, readers will find lucid and rigorous descriptions of various risk groups and effective preventive measures that are effective, both in general and with respect to the different risk groups. They will also find work processes to facilitate risk reduction. Summarizing state-of-the-art knowledge and giving guidance for the future, both in terms of preventive efforts and ongoing research, Residential Fire Safety: An Interdisciplinary Approach, is ideal for students, educators, and practitioners of residential fire protection.
This book provides an overview of the initiation of combustion processes of polymeric materials. It presents physicochemical processes associated with heating as well as numerical methods for initiation parameter calculation. In addition, the book describes thermal degradation of polymers and the effect of an incident heat flux on initiation time. It then highlights the most commonly used devices for measuring the time to ignition using external heat sources. The target group of this book are scientists and researchers dealing with materials combustion and also graduates and practitioners focused on fire protection.
This handbook aims at modernizing the current state of civil engineering and firefighting, especially in this era where infrastructures are reaching new heights, serving diverse populations, and being challenged by unique threats. Its aim is to set the stage toward realizing contemporary, smart, and resilient infrastructure.The Handbook of Cognitive and Autonomous Systems for Fire Resilient Infrastructures draws convergence between civil engineering and firefighting to the modern realm of interdisciplinary sciences (i.e., artificial intelligence, IoT, robotics, sensing, and human psychology). As such, this work aims to revolutionize the current philosophy of design for one of the most notorious extreme events: fire. Unlike other publications, which are narrowed to one specific research area, this handbook cultivates a paradigm in which critical aspects of structural design, technology, and human behavior are studied and examined through chapters written by leaders in their fields. This handbook can also serve as a textbook for graduate and senior undergraduate students in Civil, Mechanical, and Fire Protection engineering programs as well as for students in Architectural and social science disciplines. Students, engineers, academics, professionals, scientists, firefighters, and government officials involved in national and international societies such as the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), Society of Fire Protection Engineers (SFPE), National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), and Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), among others, will benefit from this handbook.
This book gathers the latest advances, innovations, and applications in the field of environmental and construction engineering, as presented by international researchers at the XXIV International Scientific Conference "e;Construction: The Formation of Living Environment"e;, held in Moscow, Russia on April 22-24, 2021. It covers highly diverse topics, including sustainable innovative development of the construction industry, building materials, reliability of buildings and constructions and safety in construction, modelling and mechanics of building structures, engineering and smart systems in construction, climate change and urban environment. The contributions, which were selected by means of a rigorous international peer-review process, highlight numerous exciting ideas that will spur novel research directions and foster multidisciplinary collaborations.
This book comprises the proceedings of the 3rd Structural Integrity Conference and Exhibition (SICE 2020). The contents of the volume focus on structural integrity, life prediction, and condition monitoring which are reclassified under the domains of aerospace, fracture mechanics, fatigue, creep-fatigue interactions, civil structures, experimental techniques, computation mechanics, structural health monitoring, nondestructive testing, failure analysis, materials processing, stress corrosion cracking, reliability and risk analysis. This book will be a useful reference for students, researchers and practitioners.
Theodore R. Coleman began his firefighting career in 1953 as a private in the District of Columbia Fire Department (DCFD). He rose through the ranks and became the twentieth Fire Chief of DCFD in 1983. He managed a $100 million dollar annual budget and 1,535 employees. In his 36 years of service in the department, Coleman saw discrimination, disparate treatment, inconsistent operation, and under some conditions, just plain old disrespect for each other. As Fire Chief, he sought to eradicate these inequities wherever they existed and was instrumental in addressing many egregious conditions that were evident in the daily functioning within the department. In an effort to abate any form of misconduct, one of his primary objectives was to stress civil behavior among department personnel. Coleman's other accomplishments as Fire Chief included: ¿ Affected the leadership of department personnel in serving the city well in duty performance; ¿ Improved morale and enhanced organizational pride through management levels; ¿ Effected the removal of barriers that separated persons by race, national origin, racism, sexism, and religion, resulting in unity and respect for all; and ¿ Affected cause for the citizens of the city to express appreciation for department personnel in providing professional service upon call.