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This book focuses on the effects of information policy. While information policy studies often consider the ideology underlying policy, the policy process, the stakeholders and players in that process, and the nature of the outcomes of policy development, there have been few studies that focus on the ultimate effects of information policy. This book looks at effects from two perspectives. First, it examines the impact of government-wide information policies on a specific government agency in terms of its dissemination policies for the information it provides. Secondly, the effects of the ensuing agency information policies on social science research are examined.The government-wide policies of interest here are cost-recovery and restraint initiatives imposed by the Canadian federal government in the mid-1980s. The policy statements specifically identified government information as an area in which increased revenues could be generated. Such de facto information policies can have a wide effect on government information production and dissemination. In this book, the history and background of the policies is considered and the effects were empirically examined using multiple methods of analysis. The period covered is mid-1980s through mid-1990s. An epilogue chapter provides information on recent policy developments in Canada and the continuing effects of the policies of the 1980s.
Advocates of religious schooling have frequently had to answer the charge that what they supported was un-American. In a book that is more than just a history, Jones tries to make sense of that charge by tracing the development of religious schooling in America over the last 125 years. He explores the rationale for religious schooling on the part of those who choose it for their children and in terms of its impact on communities, and he considers the arguments of those who criticize such schools for undermining efforts to promote national unity. The book focuses on the gradual embrace of sectarian schooling by different religious communities in America, particularly Catholics, Jews, and later, conservative Protestants (mainly in the form of homeschooling). It also considers Muslim schools, not currently a force in private schooling or the subject of much debate, but perhaps next in line to make their case for a place in America's educational landscape.Near the end of the 19th century, publicly financed, publicly administered schooling emerged as the default educational arrangement for American children. But this supremacy has not gone unchallenged. The sectarian schools that, in fact, predate public education in America have survived, even thrived, over the past century. Multiple religious communities, including those that opposed sectarian schooling in earlier generations, have now embraced it for their children.
This work analyzes the social and environmental impact of colonial conquest and pacification of Africa through a case study of the Angolan-Namibian borderlands.This work analyzes the social and environmental impact of colonial conquest and pacification of Africa through a case study of the Angolan-Namibian borderlands. These areas were exposed to three different systems of colonial expansion: German, Portuguese, and British (South African). This study demonstrates the interactions between social and environmental factors, structures and processes and shows that colonial conquest needs to be acknowledged as a major problem.It includes in-depth analysis of the late 19th to 20th century processes of social and environmental change at the village, household, and individual levels. It illustrates how refugees managed to restore a workable environment without massive outside aid and despite colonial exactions.
Students revisit Europe during the Middle Ages through guided practice activities, poems, songs, and an educational play packaged into a unique teacher resource book. This title integrates creative arts, innovative activities, and original music. Content is selected to coordinate with national standards in art, history and language arts. Two other important components of the book are a musical play and a pantomime. While entertaining students, it develops varied educational concepts and expands critical thinking skills. Students may: Stage the musical for an audience; act it out in class; or read it silently. All lyrics can be used as songs or read as poetry. Everything is reproducible. Grade 4-8.
This seventh book in the Author and YOU series features the life and work of Mary Casanova, award-winning picture book author, and author of middle grade fiction. This title discusses her life and work and the researching, writing and illustrating of each of her books, books that often present challenges in nature and focus on relationships between people and the environment. Her most recent books, middle grade novels, include Jess-a book promoted by the American Girl publishers as their Girl of the Year (2006). The back story of each of Casanova's books will provide ideas for lesson plans and connections for the teacher to make for and with young readers. Mary Casanova and YOU gives readers the behind the scenes stories of Casanova's research and writing in her own words. She offers much information to help extend and enrich the reading experience and an intimate look at a writer and her work.
Like the nationally known Destination Imagination competition, Mind Builders offers simple engineering problems to be solved by student teams. It begins with a few exercises to introduce the team concept. These are followed by ten warm up problems that can be completed within an hour or less, with little advanced preparation. Finally, teachers choose one of 12 engineering challenges to be completed by teams over an extended period, and presented to judges on Challenge Day.For more than twenty years, the Richmond, Virginia Public Schools' program for gifted students has conducted an interscholastic competition similar to the nationally known competition, Destination Imagination. In the featured contest of this yearly event, teams of five students present solutions to engineering problems that they have worked on for several weeks or more. The problems are multidisciplinary, including elements of research, writing, mathematics and science, and a creative dramatic or musical presentation. Each challenge requires just a few inexpensive materials and a minimum of equipment.In addition to their use with gifted students and others in interscholastic competitions, these problems make excellent challenges for classroom use, or even for use with extracurricular or recreational organizations such as Scout groups or Boys and Girls Clubs. They are written to include basic skills from the core curriculum, and require students to work cooperatively to solve problems with multiple solutions. This book offers 12 simple engineering problems plus ten warm up problems to be solved by student teams. Each challenge includes detailed specifications, hints for teachers and coaches, scoring rubrics, a list of references that will help students get started on the problem, and a check-list for administering each competition.
Have you ever wanted to think of a way for your students to remember world capitals or the rivers in a certain region? Ebbesmeyer's book, Teaching Global Literacy Using Mnemonics, will help you do that and teach the national geography standards as well The book is divided into sections by continents. Each section has a short introduction, suggested annotated reading lists of picture and chapter books to motivate student interest in that geographic area and a mnemonic sentence, rhyme, or story that will help students remember the makeup of the country or continent discussed. The mnemonics differ from the usual, in that they are directly connected to the region, people, or culture being studied. There is a simple map of the region and activities tied to the national standards for geography. Activities focus on ideas to integrate global studies with all other areas of the curriculum and on ways to motivate teachers and students to extend the lessons and create their own ideas.
In a similar treatment to their previous books about science and literature, the authors consider over 25 picture books (both new and classic, but all new to this volume) that provide examples in nature (topics include living things, earth and stars, and natural changes) for children to observe, describe, and appreciate. Summaries of each book are included as are extensive vocabulary lists, science concepts, puzzles, and integrated activities in math, language arts, writing, social studies, science, and art. The book also offers integrated activities in the area of information literacy to help hone student skills.
Featuring scripts for well known classical fantasy stories, as well as more current entries into the genre, Wings of Fancy addresses subgenres such as: Fairies and Enchanted Creatures; Fantastic Beasts and Talking Animals. Each script offers a summary of the story with background information on the author and story, plus suggested further readings. Staging and presentation directions are included, as is a glossary of new and unfamiliar terms. Unlike most other books of this type, lesson plans and project ideas are also included for each story. Grades 4-8The Readers Theatre series presents original scripts written for the purpose of teaching a specific literary genre. Each book is composed of 24-28 scripts, keyed to published books, plays, poems or stories in that genre, encouraging students to read the originals to accomplish the correlated project. Staging and presentation directions are included. Two-leveled (lower and higher level) projects with all needed lesson plans, forms and discussion are also provided for each script.
Drawing on her long experience as a school librarian, the author uses this middle school library programming book to help you promote free voluntary reading through innovative workshops, staff training, collection development, and collaborative curricular planning. Her goal: to revive the enthusiasm for reading that is often lost by the middle school years. Her recommendation: creative library literacy programming designed to pique flagging interest in reading for pleasure. Chapters focus on how to use the school's calendar and curriculum to get the time needed for the focused program as well as ways to manipulate budgets, get grants and other monies to build a strong literature-oriented program and collection. One chapter focuses entirely on how to get faculty to become readers of YA and children's literature in order to become models for their students. Other programs discussed are author visits, book fairs, whole school reading programs, journaling for readers and many more. Also included is an annotated bibliography of great reads. Grades 4-12.
Out of his years of experience in working with children, Zingher identifies some of the powerful and evocative themes of childhood, and explores why these touch children so deeply. He encourages professionals who work with children in school, camp, club and library settings to consider using these themes to develop thoughtful and creative programs and units of study. Included are recommended books and videos that illustrate each theme, questions for discussion, possible starting points (readalouds, stories to be told, sensory experiences, interesting objects etc), follow-up activities, and examples of fully described and developed thematic journeys. In this time of standards and accountability, this book reminds us of the joy of teaching and learning, and the power of the imagination.
Notable teen experts and stellar practitioners from across the country explain why library service to adolescents in this age range is so important, and how you can enhance your collection and services to accommodate and win over this important group. Topics range from understanding adolescent informational needs and building and promoting a winning collection, to creating programs with tween appeal. Contributors include Sheila B. Anderson, James Rosinia, Deb Taylor, Robyn Lupa, and Kristine Mahood. Brimming with valuable insights and fresh ideas, as well as nuts and bolts directions, this is a must read for all librarians who work with young adolescents.If someone is described as a young adult, what image comes to mind? In fact, a young adult can be a twelve-year-old middle-schooler or a high school graduate. Libraries have traditionally offered a variety programs and services for YAs, and although more emphasis has been given to serving teens in recent years, little has been done to distinguish between groups within the category, and meet the specific developmental needs of this broad range of library users.This collection complements Anderson's previous collection, Serving Older Teens, by focusing on the needs of tweens and young teens, ages 11-14. This is the age range when many young people stop using the library and lose interest in reading. Notable teen experts and stellar practitioners from across the country explain why service to adolescents in this age range is so important, and how you can enhance your collection and services to accommodate and win over this important group.Topics range from understanding adolescent informational needs and building and promoting a winning collection, to creating programs with tween appeal. Contributors include Sheila Anderson, James Rosinia, Deb Taylor, Robyn Lupa, Brenda Hager and Kristine Mahood. Brimming with valuable insights and fresh ideas, as well as nuts and bolts directions, this is a must read for all librarians who work with young adolescents.
Looking for some fresh program ideas for your teen patrons? Want to change those bored expressions on teen faces to eager smiles? This guide offers a stimulating selection of program ideas that will appeal to teens between the ages of 12 and 18 throughout the year! Recognizing that there is no such thing as a typical teenager, the programs represent a broad range of interests, from arts and crafts workshops to educational programs to purely recreational activities-from serious to serious fun. Programs for all seasons include Goth Gathering, Intolerance Forum, Night at the Oscars, Library Fear Factor, Find Your Future, and Cyber-Safety. Everything you need to get started is here-from the nitty gritty details like supply lists and approximate costs to practical, step-by-step instructions. Collection connections and ideas for promotion enhance the guide. And there are also suggestions for those times when time is short and money is tight. A wonderful combination of inspiration and practicality, and of start-to-finish guidance for successful teen programming. Grades 6-12.
Robert Turrell presents a novel approach to the study of capital punishment in 20th-century South Africa. White Mercy focuses on official acts of mercy rather than on miscarriages of justice. Turrell bases his absorbing narrative on a thorough investigation of government statistics, court testimony, and judges' reports. He shows that racism and sexism profoundly influenced death-penalty cases, but not in equal ways. Africans, whom white rulers considered the weaker race, and women, whom men called the weaker sex, entered a legal realm that both promoted preordained cultural difference and disproportionately granted clemency to females convicted of murder. What will perhaps surprise many readers is that a number of condemned white men went to the gallows because the court believed they exhibited the incorrigible instincts of the weaker race. White Mercy stands alone in South African scholarship as the only book-length history of capital punishment. It is also a pioneering study in the field of gender studies. Turrell's sharp analysis and engrossing vignettes will be welcomed by students in graduate seminars and upper-level undergraduate courses covering a range of themes from race relations and gender studies, to the death penalty and constitutional developments in the United States and South Africa.
This book explores the relationship between famous and fictional Caribbean female bodies to literary and historical writing.Through her concentration on the perspectives of women writers, her scrupulous attention to the specific histories of the different islands, her interest in diasporic as well as local writing, her embrace of texts in English, French, and Spanish, her insightful exploration of the poetics of allegory, Maude Adjarian invites us to undertake a fundamental rethinking of the concept of national allegory. This criticism is serious and substantial, scholarly and responsible, but also shrewd, engaging and very refreshing.Ross Chambers, Distinguished University Professor, Emeritus, The University of MichiganCaribbean writers and literary-cultural theorists have traditionally associated the Caribbean archipelago and Caribbeanness with the female body. In so doing, however, they have erased not only the bodies but the social, historical and national experiences of real Caribbean women. Allegories of Desire explores the relationship between famous and fictional Caribbean female bodies to literary and historical writing. By looking at the works of six post-1980 Caribbean women writer-Michelle Cliff, Jamaica Kincaid, Edwidge Danticat, J. J. Dominique, Julia Alvarez and Rosario Ferre-M. M. Adjarian uncovers patterns of female bodily resistance to subordination and oppression. These patterns in turn identify the Caribbean and Caribbeanness with ungendered longings for freedom from the imperial twins of patriarchy and North Atlantic colonialism rather than with an imagined, and ultimately exploited, feminine. This compelling study will shed new light on Caribbean literature.
This fully updated second edition provides a succinct and self-contained history of China. The text emphasizes the relationship between China's modern era and its past, employing a unique approach that presents the story in terms of traditional Chinese historical theories. When the West enters the scene in modern times, Schrecker fits its impact into the Chinese story, rather than the reverse, as is commonly done. This study demonstrates that traditional China was not homogeneous or changeless, thus offering a much-needed corrective to common stereotypes about other cultures that is essential for both classroom use and for the general reader.The Chinese Revolution in Historical Perspective, available here in a fully updated second edition, provides a succinct and self-contained history of China. The text emphasizes the relationship between China's modern era and its past, employing a unique approach that presents the story in terms of traditional Chinese historical theories. When the West enters the scene in modern times, Schrecker fits its impact into the Chinese story, rather than the reverse, as is commonly done. This study demonstrates that traditional China was not homogeneous or changeless, thus offering a much-needed corrective to common stereotypes about other cultures that is essential for both classroom use and for the general reader.Schrecker's approach permits a full appreciation of the connections between the contemporary scene and the Chinese past-an appreciation that is increasingly important as China moves away from typical Communist practices and returns to more traditional Chinese patterns-for example, recreating a lively entrepreneurial economy of the sort that characterized China for a thousand years. This edition brings China's story up to the present. An additional preface and map are included, along with an updated bibliography and supplemental notes. A new appendix details the traditional understanding of the key Chinese historiographical terms used in the book.
This breakthrough analysis of several advanced, exceptionally productive, and motivating organizational cultures is based on interviews with employees-from shop floor workers to CEOs-to discover precisely what makes them so effective. These positive case studies, illuminated by the executive perspective in each situation, tell fascinating stories of how these exciting cultures were formed, developed, or evolved to meet the challenges created by the firms' growth and success. Haasen and Shea also examine the recent history of four negative examples of conventional organizations that have imploded, regressed, suffered from malaise, or been sidetracked by their executives.A new concept of employee ownership emerges from the studies, one that is not primarily financial in nature but instead revolves around the idea of joint responsibility for decisions and actions. That basis leads to more collaborative teamwork, less reliance on hierarchy, and a greater sense of involvement in key strategy formulation. Managers are transformed from out-of-touch bosses into important resources to their people. The work environment of these new corporate cultures is characterized by mutual respect and support. The result is a stimulating, fun place to work, which in turn leads to greater productivity and lower turnover costs.
One of the most significant areas of activity in the George Bush administration was foreign affairs. Drawing together participants as well as foreign policy scholars and journalists, Hofstra Universtiy organized the 1997 Conference on the Presidency of George Bush. This volume covers the key foreign affairs activities of the administration.The essays examine major areas of the Bush foreign policy record. Included are papers on international trade, the Middle East, Latin America, Somalia, Bosnia, arms control, and U.S. base closing. Scholars, students, and other researchers involved with the policies of the Bush administration will find this a useful resource.
Kaler examines how modern contraceptive technologies, such as the pill and the Deop-Provera injection, were embroiled in gender and generation conflicts in Zimbabwe during the 1960s and 1970s.Kaler examines how modern contraceptive technologies, such as the pill and the Deop-Provera injection, were embroiled in gender and generation conflicts, and in the national liberation struggle, in Zimbabwe during the 1960s and 1970s. Based on extensive oral and archival research, the book shows the ways in which fertility and control over reproduction within marriage and the family influenced the development of the imagined community of the nascent Zimbabwean nation.
Covering more than 2,000 years this important region's history, this book is a groundbreaking contribution to the knowledge of pre-colonial Africa.Covering more than 2,000 years this important region's history, this book is a groundbreaking contribution to the knowledge of pre-colonial Africa. It is the first historical work to reconstruct a Batwa or Pygmy past, thereby questioning Western epistemologies that have long portrayed the Batwa as a quintessential people without history.
For a nation with a relatively small territory and population, Ireland has had a remarkable influence in the English-speaking world. In the United States alone, it is estimated that there are now forty-four million descendants of Irish lineage. For them and for students and interested readers, this up-to-date, concise, and fascinating volume is an ideal introduction to the history of Ireland. Hollis, an expert on Irish history, traces Ireland from its beginnings in the Neolithic era to events and issues in the year 2000. Carefully weaving the thread of complex relations between Britain and Ireland through the centuries, he portrays the dramatic events that led to the formation of the Republic, the troubles with Northern Ireland, and the complex economic and political issues that prevail in Ireland today.The work begins with a panoramic sketch of Ireland today, its geography, demography, economy and government. Chronologically arranged chapters trace the political, economic, social and cultural history of Ireland and the key personalities who shaped it. Ready-reference features include a timeline for easy reference to events, brief identifications of key personalities in the history of Ireland, and a bibliographic essay. Every library should update its resources on Ireland with this lively and succinct narrative history.