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Emanuel Turczynski has written a compendium of critical Greek studies that attempts to tap into the mental and emotional state of individuals, as well as social groupings, at the time of Greek palingenesis and beyond. Turczynski sets before us an epochal fresco, a wide-ranging picture to which a myriad of contemporary testimonies, as well as later critical statements (by both Greeks and foreigners), contribute. One basic thesis runs like a thread through the entire work: For Turczynski, the national rebirth of Greece was not completed with the end of the successful national war of independence. The common Orthodox faith and the living language, which had been able to maintain its identity and assimilation power under the most difficult historical circumstances, are for the author not as decisive as preconditions for becoming a nation as the social consensus and the ability derived from it to build a community supported by all. And this process of socio-cultural consolidation - this is Turczynski's thesis - continues in Greece to this day.This study is the English translation of Peleus 16: "Sozial und Kulturgeschichte Griechenlands im 19. Jahrhundert" (ISBN 978-3-447-05964-0)
Das Wörterbuch enthält ca. 10.000 Lexeme und umfasst den gebräuchlichsten Wortschatz des Tigrinischen, der Nationalsprache Eritreas und einer der Arbeitssprachen Äthiopiens. Es beinhaltet Beispiele aus Originalquellen mit deutscher und englischer Übersetzung, darunter Wortverbindungen, Redewendungen, Sprichwörter und Rätsel. Ca. 400 der aufgeführten Wörter kommen in keinem der bisher erschienenen Wörterbücher dieser semitischen Sprache vor. Am Ende sind geografische Namen und gängige Abkürzungen verzeichnet. Es ist ein Häufigkeitswörterbuch, welches neben dem allgemeinen Wortschatz verschiedene Gebiete des modernen Sprachgebrauchs umfasst, darunter Fachbegriffe, Dialekt- und Tabuwörter. Ebenfalls enthalten sind zahlreiche wort- und formbildende Sprachsilben sowie grammatische Konstruktionen mit anschaulichen Erklärungen. Dank der komplexen Struktur der Einträge unterscheidet sich das Wörterbuch vorteilhaft von den bisher bekannten Gegenstücken. Es richtet sich an Sprecherinnen und Sprecher aller drei Sprachen und eignet sich zum Lesen und Übersetzen von Texten bis zu einem mittleren Schwierigkeitsgrad. Es wird für diejenigen von Nutzen sein, die die jeweilige Sprache lernen oder lehren, sich mit Tigrinistik, Semitistik, Typologie, Übersetzungs- und vergleichenden Sprachwissenschaften beschäftigen oder tigrinische Literatur im Original lesen.
The book offers a new perspective on the emergence and spread of Indo-Aryan in North India. Based on the analysis of more than 200 Indo-Aryan languages and dialects, it proves that there was more than just one immigration of Indo-Aryan speakers to North India. This left clear marks on the modern Indo-Aryan languages. When the Vedic-speaking Indo-Aryans arrived in northern India, there were already speakers of other Indo-Aryan dialects that were slightly more archaic than Vedic. Traces of these somewhat more archaic dialects are mainly found in peripheral Indo-Aryan languages between the Himalayas and the Hindu Kush. They are therefore called outer languages, while the descendants of Vedic and Classical Sanskrit (e.g. Pali and Hindi) are called inner languages. Outer and inner languages differ not only in terms of archaicity, but they have also developed differently, especially in phonology. The book also addresses the question of the linguistic situation in North India before the arrival of the first Indo-Aryans. Again, it is these peripheral languages, albeit along with many small Tibeto-Burmese Himalayan languages, that have preserved the richest linguistic data showing that prehistoric North India was dominated by Austro-Asiatic languages before the arrival of the Indo-Aryans.
This dictionary aims to cover the whole lexicon of Tocharian A, one of the two Tocharian languages, which form a distinct branch in the Indo-European language family. These languages are documented in manuscripts found mostly in Buddhist monasteries located in the oases of the Tarim Basin, in Xinjiang, China, and dated in the second half of the 1st millennium CE. The dictionary contains a thesaurus based on all the identified texts in Tocharian A, published as well as unpublished, which are kept in various collections. It covers much more data than the dictionary published by Pavel Poucha in 1955, which was based on the Tocharian A manuscripts from the so-called Turfan collection (Berlin), edited by Emil Sieg and Wilhelm Siegling in 1921. The book includes a thorough revision of the Dictionary and Thesaurus of Tocharian A. Volume 1 (2009), which covered only the beginning of the lexicon (letters A to J). All forms of words, including variants, occurring in the texts are listed separately with reference to the occurrences and a sample of passages in transcription and translation. The meaning of a number of words has been better defined and corrected against previous glossaries. When possible, the lemmas include the corresponding items attested in Tocharian B. The references given for each lemma aim to retrieve the previous secondary literature. Many lemmas contain philological contributions pertaining to the interpretation of critical passages. Much focus has been laid on phraseology and literary parallels with other Buddhist texts from Central Asia. The sources of loanwords, from Tocharian B, Old and Middle Indo-Aryan, Iranian, Old Turkic, and Chinese, are given as much as they can be traced.
The House of the Two Skeletons is located in a quarter at the western border of the Hellenistic city of Morgantina in Sicily. It was partially investigated in 1971 and 2004/05, and fully excavated from 2014 to 2016. Built around 250 BC as a simple and modestly decorated courtyard house, it occupied a squarish lot with a surface area of 389 m2 and included 20 rooms. During its use for some 50-60 years, the house was remodeled four times. The building was split into two separate courtyard houses in Phase 3 before 211 BC, when the Romans conquered Morgantina. At the end of this phase, two adult women were buried in two separate corner rooms of the house, and their skeletons gave this house its modern name. The women were most likely buried in haste during the tumultuous years that preceded the final conquest of the city, sometime between 214 and 211 BC. After 211 BC, the house was briefly and partially used for modest residential purposes and industrial activities that can no longer be specified.This book presents the archaeological evidence of the House of the Two Skeletons in a contextualized and comprehensive manner. All rooms are described and assessed one after another, including the architecture, the stratigraphy, and the finds, followed by an interpretation that outlines the phasing scheme and possible function of a room. Thematic discussions are dedicated to significant features, such as the construction materials and techniques, the water management, kitchens, platforms, evidence of domestic cult, metal finds and coins, and the skeletons. Finally, a concluding narrative outlines the development and function of the House of the Two Skeletons and assesses it in the local urban and regional Sicilian context.
Since Russia's war of aggression against Ukraine in 2022, Eastern Europe has once again become the focus of attention as a conflict region. At the same time, the enormous need for interpretive knowledge regarding Ukraine in the humanities and cultural studies is all the more apparent. As the example of the failed revolution in Belarus in 2020 also illustrates, an adequate understanding of Eastern Europe requires placing events within their broader political, cultural and historical context. This volume examines a variety of relevant dimensions: interstate, linguistic-national or interethnic conflict situations are elaborated with the aim of providing insights into the complex structures of conflicts. The volume deals with the repercussions of conflict situations on the societies concerned, the underlying language and spatial images or the conflict management of international organisations, among other topics. Seven of the fifteen contributions are devoted to the situation in Ukraine and are supplemented by spotlights on Belarus, Poland, the Balkans and Kazakhstan. This volume presents the research results of the interdisciplinary research project "Conflict Regions in Eastern Europe", which fostered an intensive cooperation between researchers in linguistics, history, political science and sociology, as well as by the close involvement of Ukrainian scholars.
In 1977-78, right after Papua New Guinea had achieved its political independence, Derk van Groningen was living among the Kilenge people on the north-west coast of the island of New Britain. Originally, his ethnographic field research centered on the circular migration pattern in the Kilenge area. Being permitted to take photographs of their daily activities, his focus became much broader. Groningen's work presents a photographic documentation of many aspects of Kilenge life during the transition period from colonial rule to self-determination and governance. His original observations and photographs are published here for the first time.
City of Modernity consists of 33 essays about Lódz, a city that started out as an agricultural settlement and became a metropolis within a single generation, all thanks to technological progress. Its population of 767 in 1820, it had grown to 767,000 by 1939. At the turn of the century, it emblematized modernization and industrialization, and was a symbol of industrial-era modernity. It was often compared to Manchester and its truly American pace of development was admired. The city's rapid economic career was impressive, but it also exacted a high social cost. The authors, representing a variety of fields (history, sociology, literary, theatre and film studies, cultural anthropology) analyze many aspects of Lódz's economic, social and cultural life before the outbreak of World War II. In reference to Lódz modernism, they explore notions like modernity, metropolitanism and peripherality, multi-culturalism and multi-ethnicity (Lódz was a labor destination for German settlers, Polish peasants, Jews, as well as newcomers from the Russian interior), the phenomenon of workers' movements which peaked during the revolution of 1905, and the expansion of mass entertainment. The publication also looks at issues linked to urban infrastructure, animators of cultural life, and the emergence of new religious, political, and emancipation movements.
Bishops played a central role in the relations between Jews and their Christian environment ever since the beginnings of Jewish existence in medieval Latin Europe. To different degrees and with varying emphases over time, they embodied the church's principles of both tolerating and limiting Jewish life. As territorial rulers they protected, taxed, but also oppressed and eventually expelled Jews. This collection combines detailed case studies on the bishoprics of medieval Germany, Sicily, Spain, France, England, and Silesia.Seit den Anfängen jüdischer Existenz im lateinisch-christlichen Europa spielten Bischöfe eine zentrale Rolle in den Beziehungen der Juden zu ihrer christlichen Umwelt. In unterschiedlichem Maße und mit zeitlich variierenden Akzenten vertraten sie die kirchlichen Prinzipien der Duldung und der Eingrenzung jüdischen Lebens. Als weltliche Herrscher schützten und besteuerten sie Juden, konnten sie aber auch unterdrücken und schließlich vertreiben. Der Sammelband vereint detaillierte Fallstudien zu den Bistümern des mittelalterlichen Reichs, in Sizilien, Spanien, Frankreich, England und Schlesien.
Geevarghese Mar Osthathios (1918-2012) was a South Indian Orthodox theologian whose theological reflections are a unique combination of Protestant principles and Orthodox ethos. His life and work contextually occupy a significant place in the development of the Malankara Orthodox Syriac Church. In addition, his preoccupation with missionary work in Indian conditions has been intertwined with ecumenical currents of the second half of the 20th century.The central expression of his theology lies in the Trinity as for him Trinity has relational implications on socio-political level, its relevance and the applicability as a critique of societal systems of governing. Therefore, the book by Ilija Jovic deals with the focal points of his Trinitarian theology, missiological as well as ecumenical perspectives and their social consequences. Moreover, by determining and critically examining Mar Osthathios argumentation that structuring of society should be based on the model of the Trinity, Jovic's study takes precedent in giving concern to social challenges within the Oriental Orthodox Theology.
This volume is a collection of papers that have been given at an international conference in December 2019 in Bregenz, Austria. They focus on Arrian of Nicomedia's Anabasis Alexandrou which is our main source for the life and reign of Alexander the Great. So far, scholarship has paid only little attention to the Anabasis as literary cosmos of its own right. The various contributions critically evaluate the still extant general opinion, that Arrian deserves a distinguished status as the main source on the Macedonian conqueror since he allegedly closely followed his sources. But the first accounts of the participants in Alexander's famous expedition have only survived as fragments and thus their literary production is more or less shrouded in mystery. Hence, the tension between Arrian's literary creativity, propinquity to his sources, his relationship to his role-model Xenophon merits serious examination when assessing the value of his work as a historical source. The volume is the first attempt to contextualize the work of Arrian against various backdrops. This includes the reign of Alexander, the Classical and contemporary literary trends, the Second Sophistic as intellectual framework, the until yet neglected idea of "empire" as well as echoes and stimuli from the Achaemenid and Hellenistic period. The various contributions create a more complex image of Arrian as an author, his literary production and his idea of the Macedonian conqueror that helps us to gain a better understanding of this complex text and Alexander the Great as its protagonist.
What do we mean by Jewish space? How does it come into being, what qualities does it possess, and how does one experience it? Does this specific space play a role in Jewish-Christian encounters? How are shared Jewish-Christian spaces created in small towns often understood as shtetls? The volume Space as a Category for the Research of the History of Jews in Poland-Lithuania 1500-1900 answers those questions using examples from early modern Poland-Lithuanian and its successor states. Eight different authors examine various issues that were substantial for the Jewish experience in the most significant Jewish community in the world. The range of contributions includes the authors' multiple methodological approaches in their research, both historical and sociological, and architectural practices. The compilation of the articles also breaks chronological boundaries by presenting texts from the early modern era and the early 19th century. Examples from medieval Jewish Cracow and early modern small towns in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Warsaw, Gdansk/Danzig, and Berlin analyzed in this volume are shedding new light on the Jewish experience in Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and its successor states. The book is exciting for anyone interested in Jewish history and Jewish-Christian relations.
Der spanische Konzilstheologe Johannes von Segovia (gest. 1458) erkannte ähnlich wie sein Zeitgenosse Nikolaus von Kues die Notwendigkeit einer adäquaten theologisch-intellektuellen und nicht militärischen Antwort auf den Islam, dessen Vormarsch nach dem Fall Konstantinopels 1453 nicht mehr zu leugnen war. Neben drei großen Abhandlungen in Brief- bzw. Traktatform wie seinem Hauptwerk De gladio divini spiritus verfasste Johannes von Segovia zahlreiche kleinere Werke zu diesem Thema. Mit ihnen wollte er bedeutende Entscheidungsträger in Rom und Burgund wie Enea Silvio Piccolomini oder Jean Germain für seine Ideen gewinnen. Dazu zählen thematisch gegliederte Koranexzerpte, trinitätstheologische Spekulationen, die Einleitung zu seiner eigenen Koranübersetzung sowie einige Übersetzungsfragmente. In der ausführlichen Epistola ad Guillielmum de Orliaco gewährte er Einblick in die spirituelle Motivation für sein unermüdliches Arbeiten in dieser Lebensphase. Einige dieser Texte werden in diesem Band erstmals vorgelegt, andere, die schon an verschiedenen Orten ediert worden sind, werden hier in überarbeiteter und aktualisierter Form versammelt. Alle Schriften sind mit ausführlichen Einleitungen und mit einer deutschen oder englischen Übersetzung aus dem Lateinischen versehen. In ihrer Gesamtheit vermitteln sie einen ausgezeichneten Eindruck davon, wie ein selbstkritischer spätmittelalterlicher Theologe um eine Antwort ringt, auf etwas, das wir heute als clash of civilizations bezeichnen würden.
The book contains first editions of thirty-three cuneiform tablets from the Frau Professor Hilprecht Collection, dating to the second half of the second millennium and the first millennium BCE, as well as duplicates and parallels from other museums. The majority of the edited tablets stem from the city of Nippur, but the book also includes manuscripts from Assur and Babylon. The tablets comprise literary, magic, and divinatory texts, as well as fifteen Middle and Neo-Babylonian school manuscripts with excerpts from various compositions. The literary texts include a large prayer invoking blessings of Nippur gods upon the king, known in other cities as well; a wisdom monologue, and a manuscript of The Exaltation of IStar. The magic section includes Middle Babylonian versions of anti-witchcraft incantations previously known in the first millennium, as well as exorcistic spells, and formulas to be recited upon the consecration of Nippur priests. Extispicy, hemerologies, and physiognomy are among the divinatory texts edited. The school tablets contain excerpts from several texts previously unknown to have survived into the respective periods, such as a Middle Babylonian version of Tamarisk and Palm and a first-millennium version of the wisdom text Hearken to the Advice.The introduction of the book contains an overview of Nippur history, as well as a discussion of the provenance of the tablets and their social and school contexts. The city of Nippur, whose scholarly production circulated widely in Antiquity, is strangely bereft of scholarly manuscripts, a fact that the book seeks to explain.
Central Asia is a vast region separating and at the same time connecting the civilizations of the Near East, East Asia and the Indian subcontinent with each other and with the neighboring nomadic cultures. This richly illustrated book reflects the contributions of a conference that took place in Bern in 2020 and includes 32 contributions from 56 authors from 18 countries. The conference evaluated the supra-, inter-, and intraregional modes of cultural exchange and knowledge transfer like trade, migration, missionary activities or military encounters. This exchange occurred within Central Asia, from the outside into Central Asia or conversely out of Central Asia to neighboring cultures. The timeframe considered was from the Early Bronze Age to the period of Amir Timur (end of the 14th century CE) and the geographic scope stretched from the eastern Caucasus in the west till Xinjiang in the east and from southern Siberia in the north till Baluchistan in the south. All papers presented were based upon new archaeological investigations, surveys and discoveries. Most of the contributions suggest that in Central Asia, based on its specific geopolitical location, typical "contact cultures" blossomed which were influenced to varying degrees by the neighboring cultures and thus produced many facets of cultural hybridisation.The conclusions of many of the excavations presented here will be published in English for the first time. Each article is accompanied by an extensive bibliography and a Russian abstract.
Hinter dem Schlagwort ,historisches Litauen' verbirgt sich ein riesiges Forschungsfeld, das faszinierende Perspektiven bereithält - nicht nur für Geschichtswissenschaft und Baltistik, sondern auch und gerade für die Slavistik.Im Großfürstentum Litauen fanden im Mittelalter litauische und ostslawische Elemente zu einer Synthese. Das Vielvölkerreich stieg zusammen mit dem Königreich Polen auf zur europäischen Großmacht, bevor beide am Ende des 18. Jahrhunderts geteilt wurden. Im 19. Jahrhundert kanalisierte sich Widerstand gegen die russische Fremdherrschaft in zwei politischen Projekten, die auch das literarische Leben entscheidend prägten. Der Wunsch nach einer Restitution der polnisch-litauischen Rzeczpospolita und das Festhalten an der polnischsprachigen Leitkultur konkurrierten mit dem Streben einzelner Kollektive nach kultureller Identität und politischer Emanzipation. Heute steht der Erinnerungsort ,historisches Litauen' für eine gemeinsame europäische Vergangenheit, die vor dem Hintergrund der niedergeschlagenen belarusischen Revolution und dem russischen Angriff auf die Ukraine Solidarität stiftet.Die lange Zeit von kommunistischer Zensur und nationalen Narrativen geprägte Forschungslandschaft hat in den letzten Jahren begonnen, die vielfältigen litauisch-belarusisch-polnisch-ukrainischen Verflechtungen wiederzuentdecken und ihre Bedeutung neu zu diskutieren.
This volume contains contributions from three conferences held within the framework of the project "Law between Dialogue and Translation (The Example of Palestine)", funded by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD). The conferences were hosted by the project partners from the Department for Arabic and Islamic Studies of the University of Göttingen (Germany) and the Faculty of Law from Al-Quds University (Palestine) in 2019 and 2020, and the School of Graduate Studies of the State Islamic University Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta (Indonesia) in 2021. The project aimed to analyze how international law and human rights norms are implemented or "translated" into national legislation, with a special focus on the role of Islamic law and institutions in these processes. The volume provides a theoretical introduction on the concepts of "translation" of law and of "legal pluralism" and continues to discuss four main areas in which different practical aspects of these concepts can be observed: 1) the dealing of German and Palestinian judicial institutions with the relation between state, religion and rights of the individual, 2) achievements and challenges of women's rights implementation in Indonesia, 3) the entanglement of Sharia, Customary and State law in Palestine, and 4) recent developments in international criminal and humanitarian law in the Palestinian context.
Thorough investigations in recent decades have brought to light a relatively large number of ancient manuscripts of the various books of the Old and New Testaments from different parts of Ethiopia. This has led to a renewed interest in up-to-date critical editions of all the books of the Ethiopic Bible. For the Book of Jeremiah, however, there has never been a critical edition. This collection of seven essays marks the beginning of a new endeavour to fill this gap. Stefan Weninger introduces the reader medias in res, providing a condensed overview of the history of Ethiopic Jeremiah scholarship. Martin Heide's essay is a sample edition of the Book of Jeremiah based on nearly sixty manuscripts. The data that became available through collation allow to classify the manuscripts and provide first insights into the textual history of the Jeremiah Cycle. Michael Knibb invites the reader to review his experience with the critical edition of the Book of Ezekiel. Furthermore, another essay by him deals with the very intriguing manuscript Leiden Or. 14.692, being probably the earliest Ethiopic manuscript of Ezekiel. Steve Delamarter and Garry Jost introduce the reader to the digital methodology of the Textual History of the Ethiopic Old Testament project, which they apply to a sample chapter of Jeremiah, coming to a similar conclusion - from a different perspective - as Martin Heide. Alessandro Bausi addresses important methodological questions, that is, the status of a reconstruction or whether critical editions of Ethiopic texts should be written in normalized orthography. Finally, Siegfried Kreuzer introduces the reader to an up-to-date view of the textual history of the Septuagint. This enables (and challenges) scholars dealing with textual criticism of Ethiopic Old Testament books to carefully consider the question of the Greek Vorlage.
This volume introduces latest research on the necropolis of ancient Asyut and a broad spectrum of different topics. It opens with a deep insight in the long history of the ancient town of Asyut and its different functions throughout history, followed by a contribution highlighting the connections between the city and the oases of Kharga and Dakhla via the Darb el Arba'in, the ancient caravan route through the Western Desert. Research on the temple of Wepwawet, chief deitiy of Asyut, closes the section on the ancient town itself. Turning to the necropolis on Gebel Asyut al-gharbi, an as yet unpublished tomb of a high official of the late 11th/early 12th Dynasty is presented, followed by contributions on material culture including an in-depth analysis of a statue head found during recent fieldwork, an iconographical study on the depiction of wedjat-eyes on Asyuti coffins of the First Intermediate Period and the Middle Kingdom; the detailed analysis of a hitherto unpublished coffin and a study on the "Book of the Two Ways" inscribed on another coffin from Asyut. Objects discussed include wooden models and their correlation with wall decoration, latest finds of pottery offering trays and first results of the examination of Asyuti stone offering tables. New Kingdom and Late Period finds are discussed in an article with new information on ushebtis from the collections of Sayed Bey Khashaba and the Museo Gregoriano in Città del Vaticano, and in a typological analysis of faience chalices with a focus on recent finds of The Asyut Project. The volume closes with a hitherto unpublished copy of spell 72 of the Book of the Dead that is inscribed on the early Ptolemaic mummy cartonnage of Padiamun found during fieldwork and an article that details Christian tomb stelae and the special local Asyuti formulae used for inscribing them.
This volume presents articles by Iván Szelényi - William Graham Sumner Emeritus Professor of Sociology at Yale University since 50 years. The world has changed a lot in this half century. When the first contribution to this volume was published in 1969, Hungary was the "goulash communism" of János Kádár. Its disintegration began in the 1980s and in 1989/90 transitioned into "market capitalism" that looked like a bourgeois-liberal democracy. Finally, in 2014, Viktor Orbán began to realize his vision of an "illiberal regime". The last article of 2022 deals with the struggles between liberalism and illiberalism. How much coherence in thought and action can one expect from a social scientist in this rapidly changing world? Although Szelényi changed and often fundamentally modified his views over time, all his writings belong to what we call critical social science: immanent critique and ironic examination of both socialism and capitalism. None of his essays recommend either socialism or capitalism as the sole solution, but he tried to give, as far as possible, an objective analysis of what was possible in the most turbulent times of the last half century, leaving the ideological-political decision to the readers. To paraphrase Karl Marx's "thesis eleven": The task of the philosopher (or sociologist) is not to change the world, but to interpret it.
The Albanian Numerals vereint alle von dem renommierten Indogermanisten Gert Klingenschmitt (30.12.1940 - 17.3.2021) verfassten Arbeiten zur historischen Sprachwissenschaft des Albanischen aus der Perspektive der Indogermanistik. Von besonderem Wert für die Forschung dürfte die in diesem Band vorliegende Erstpublikation von Klingenschmitts titelgebender Studie "The Albanian Numerals" sein, die - Anfang der 1970iger Jahre angefertigt - ursprünglich in einem Sammelband über indogermanische Numeralia veröffentlicht werden sollte. In ihr formuliert Klingenschmitt erstmals die von ihm entdeckte sogenannte *kwetüóres-Regel, gibt einen wichtigen Überblick über den Wortakzent des Albanischen sowie über neue Lautgesetze und Etymologien. Ebenso enthält der Band eine bisher unpubliziert gebliebene Tischvorlage eines Tagungsvortrages "Albanisch und seine Lehnbeziehungen in früherer Zeit" (Sprachkontakt und Sprachwandel. XI. Fachtagung der Indogermanischen Gesellschaft. Halle (Saale), 17.-23. September 2000). Sämtliche in diesem Band vereinten Arbeiten Klingenschmitts zur Sprachgeschichte des Albanischen enthalten eine Fülle von Neuerkenntnissen aus allen Teilgebieten der historischen Grammatik des Albanischen, aber auch für die Vergleichende Indogermanische Sprachwissenschaft insgesamt. Der Sammelband richtet sich so gleichermaßen an Albanologen, Indogermanisten, Balkanologen und Sprachtypologen.The Albanian Numerals erscheint zum ersten Todestag Gert Klingenschmitts. Die Herausgeber möchten damit einen Beitrag zum Andenken an den renommierten Indogermanisten und Albanologen leisten, der die Forschung in beiden Disziplinen über Jahrzehnte entscheidend mitgeprägt hat.