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This study investigates how the ideological interpretations of the principle of neutrality affect the practices of humanitarian aid organizations in conflict situations. I study the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and Médicins Sans Frontières (Doctors without Borders/MSF). I seek examples from the current conflict in Darfur, Sudan to illustrate my findings. The purpose of this study is to determine how the organizations deal with delivering aid in a highly politicized environment while maintaining neutrality. I conclude that neutrality impacts practice, depending in part on the organization¿s goals, by enhancing the level of organizational responsibility for aid¿s impact, minimizing its coordination with other aid agencies, states or international organizations, and either eliminating the freedom to denounce abusive practices or causing dilemmas within organizations over whether or not to publicly denounce the parties to a conflict. Neutrality is more often a pragmatic means to an end rather than a theoretical ideal. Additionally, the neutrality of an organization depends not only on its intention but also on how it is perceived by the parties to the conflict.
Although immortality seems to become a target, modern technologies have proposed new solutions to address the subject in a more realistic manner than mythology or science fiction, often very fascinating. Such technologies do not border on the absurd, instead, they rely on some recent scientific data and research in physics and biology, abandoning conventional processes ¿ excellent in their time, but today they tend to limit the horizon of thought and knowledge. The idea of cybernetic immortality is to induce our consciousness in a virtual space. If this virtual space will be temporary, as ours, or immortal, it will, of course, depend on software that we do, to get into those spaces. Of course, all these presume that our perceptions, feelings, emotions and our existence are the result of electrical impulses, to whose dominion will handle those able to get up there when we take existence in a virtual world. Thus we ask a normal question: Is it possible that man ¿ every person on Earth ¿ to live forever? Some believe that it is and even want this, some are afraid that it is possible, some hope not and others are convinced that it isn¿t possible.
Robotics is an ever growing market, to put things in perspective, the worldwide market for both industrial and service robots is forecast by the IFR to exceed the $66 Billion by 2025. Numerous breakthroughs have been achieved thanks to robotics research, in all walks of life, the 3d printing boom, space exploration, unprecedented production efficiency and last but not least the entertainment industry. Locally the attempts to delve into this lucrative and promising field is still hindered by a tendency to be on the consumer side, even in the more ambitious projects we haven''t moved away from ready made concepts. Hence, it makes financial and even common sense to be pursuing an endeavor in areas this promising. Faced with the sheer vastness of the field, and a poignant fragmentation and lack of standardization of both hardware and software components, we have set out to develop our own modular, reusable robotics platform. In this book, we detail the agile system design process we adopted and attempted to remold, and go over the different phases of building our platform up to the manufacturing of the first prototypes.