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  • af OECD
    266,95 kr.

    For most countries in the OECD, 2015 is the seventh or eighth year of dealing with the budgetary consequences of the economic and financial crisis. These years have been marked by challenges of fiscal retrenchment of a scale and nature unprecedented in modern times. Previous OECD publications have tracked the fiscal policy responses adopted by OECD governments during the early years of the crisis (2007-2012). This book takes stock of how these responses have evolved and in recent years, up to 2014/15. Two points are apparent from the outset: the response to the crisis has had repercussions for virtually every aspect of budgetary governance; and there are clear lessons for governments about the conduct of fiscal policy - including in its institutional aspects - that should inform future decisions and the agenda of budgetary reform.

  • af OECD
    164,95 kr.

    The OECD Review of Fisheries provides information on developments in policies and activities in the fishing and aquaculture sectors of OECD countries and participating economies, mainly for the period 2012-13. This year's edition includes Argentina, the People's Republic of China, Chinese Taipei, Indonesia and Latvia. Part I overviews the activities in the sector and includes a chapter containing two-page snapshots outlining country summary statistics and key developments in the fisheries and aquaculture sectors. Additional country-level data and detail on institutional and policy backgrounds, based on contributions by participating countries and economies, are provided in the electronic version of this report.

  • af OECD
    420,95 kr.

    The National Accounts of OECD Countries, Detailed Tables includes, in addition to main aggregates including GDP, final consumption expenditure of households by purpose, simplified accounts for three main sectors: general government, corporations and households. Data are shown for 34 OECD countries and the Euro area back to 2007. Country tables are expressed in national currency. Data are based on the System of National Accounts 2008 (2008 SNA) for all countries except Chile, Japan and Turkey which are presented on the basis of the 1993 SNA.

  • af OECD
    420,95 kr.

    LesComptes nationaux des pays de l'OCDE, Tableaux Dtaillsfournissent, en plus des principaux agrgats, des comptes nationaux dtaills pour les dpenses de consommation finale des mnages par fonction, les comptes simplifis des trois principaux secteurs : administrations publiques, socits et mnages. Les donnes sont montres pour 34 pays de l'OCDE et la Zone euro depuis 2007. Les donnes sont exprimes en monnaie nationale. Les donnes sont bases sur le Systme de Comptabilit Nationale de 2008(SCN 2008) pour tous les pays sauf le Chili, le Japonet la Turquie(SCN 1993). Cette publication est galement disponible sous forme de base de donnes en ligne qui permet aux utilisateurs d'extraire des donnes et de construire des tableaux et graphiques.

  • af OECD
    292,95 kr.

    Cmo va la vida? 2015. Medicin del bienestar describe los componentes esenciales que conforman el bienestar de las personas en los pases de la OCDE y los pases asociados. Incluye una gran variedad de estadsticas que abarcan tanto el bienestar material (ingresos, empleo y vivienda) como la calidad de vida en un sentido ms amplio (salud, educacin, balance vida-trabajo, medio ambiente, comunidad o apoyo social, compromiso cvico, satisfaccin ante la vida y seguridad). En el informe se presenta la evidencia ms reciente sobre el bienestar, as como su evolucin en el tiempo y la distribucin de los resultados de bienestar entre diferentes grupos de la poblacin. Esta tercera edicin de Cmo va la vida? 2015. Medicin del bienestar nos ayuda a comprender el bienestar en nuevas y diferentes formas. Se presta especial atencin al bienestar de los nios, concluyendo que no todos tienen un buen inicio en la vida, y que los nios que pertenecen a familias de escasos recursos enfrentan mayores riesgos en su bienestar. En el informe se presentan nuevas medidas para capturar algunos de los recursos naturales, humanos, sociales y econmicos que contribuyen a sostener el bienestar a lo largo del tiempo. En un captulo sobre el trabajo de voluntariado se sugiere que ste puede crear un crculo virtuoso: hacer el bien propicia que las personas se sientan bien consigo mismas y aporta varios beneficios de bienestar adicionales, no solamente para los voluntarios sino tambin para la sociedad en su conjunto. Por ltimo, en el informe se analizan las desigualdades de bienestar que prevalecen entre las diferentes regiones de los pases, y se demuestra que el lugar donde habitan las personas puede influir de manera importante en sus oportunidades para vivir bien. Cmo va la vida? 2015. Medicin del bienestar es parte de la Iniciativa para una Vida Mejor de la OCDE, la cual incluye una serie de publicaciones sobre medicin del bienestar, as como el ndice para una Vida Mejor, un sitio web interactivo que tiene por objetivo incluir a las personas en el debate sobre qu significa para ellos una vida mejor.

  • af OECD
    240,95 kr.

    Bank lending is the most common source of external finance for many SMEs and entrepreneurs, yet has proven challenging to newer, innovative and fast growing companies, as well as to those undertaking important transitions in their activities or seeking to de-leverage and improve their capital structures. This report maps a broad range of external financing techniques to address diverse needs in varying circumstances, including asset-based finance, alternative debt, hybrid instruments, and equity instruments. It further highlights key enabling factors for their development, discusses major market trends and obstacles to SME uptake, and suggests some key areas of policy action to overcome challenges to market development.

  • af OECD
    215,95 kr.

    This review analyses progress and challenges of open government data in the Polish national context. It is based on existing OECD methodology and formulates recommendations that aim to help Poland improve open government data efforts and achieve impacts. The recommendations take into account the departing level of the Polish context and focus on priority needs, which in the case of Poland is the establishment of an "e;infrastructure"e; to support coherent and sustainable efforts across the administration: creation of an ecosystem of related and co-operating actors, establishment of a supportive governance framework, development of the needed skills and culture among civil servants.

  • af OECD
    343,95 kr.

    This volume collects expert papers on: the trends and challenges of regulatory policy today; regulatory impact assessment; stakeholder engagement; and ex-post evaluation. These papers provide background material for the 2015 edition of the OECD Regulatory Policy Outlook. They summarise the knowledge to date on these topics and underline progress made by countries in establishing the conditions for good regulation as well as the remaining challenges.

  • af OECD
    693,95 kr.

    L'conomie numrique touche dsormais un trs grand nombre d'aspects de l'conomie mondiale, comprenant des secteurs aussi varis que la banque, la vente au dtail, l'nergie, le transport, l'ducation, l'dition, les mdias ainsi que la sant. Les technologies de l'information et des communications transforment la manire dont voluent les interactions sociales et les relations personnelles, avec la convergence des rseaux fixes, mobiles et de radiodiffusion et aussi des appareils qui sont de plus en plus connects pour former l'Internet des objets.Cette publication aide les pays valuer comment optimiser le potentiel de l'conomie numrique en tant que levier d'innovation et de croissance inclusive. Elle examine galement les volutions de l'conomie numrique ainsi que les dfis mergents dont les dcideurs doivent tenir compte dans le cadre des stratgies numriques nationales. Les chapitres de la publication comprennent un survol de l'tat actuel et futur de l'conomie numrique; les principales tendances dans le secteur des TIC et les volutions de la politique publique et de la rglementation des communications; la demande et l'adoption des TIC et les effets de l'conomie numrique sur la croissance et le dveloppement. Ce volume contient galement un chapitre sur la confiance dans l'conomie numrique et un chapitre sur l'Internet des objets.

  • af OECD
    479,95 kr.

    The annual Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India examines Asia's regional economic growth, development and regional integration process. It focuses on the economic conditions of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) member countries: Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Viet Nam. It also addresses relevant economic issues in People's Republic of China and India to fully reflect economic developments in the region. The 2016 edition of the Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India comprises three main parts, each highlighting a particular dimension of recent economic developments in the region. The first part presents the regional economic monitor, depicting the medium-term economic outlook and macroeconomic challenges in the region. The second part consists of three chapters on "e;enhancing regional ties"e;, which is the special thematic focus of this edition. The third part includes structural policy country notes.

  • af OECD
    164,95 kr.

    Costly and lengthy regulatory barriers, accompanied by sluggish markets, have long been reasons for companies and their shareholders to look for alternatives to Initial Public Offerings (IPOs). A popular alternative has often been to pursue backdoor listing - often accomplished through a reverse merger, exchange offer, or rights offer, for instance. Because backdoor listings are often not under the strict oversight of listing rules and regulations, it is argued that they are prone to fraud and abuse. This report provides four regulatory strategies for consideration by policy makers in Indonesia, in order to support their efforts to improve listing and corporate governance standards.

  • af OECD
    351,95 kr.

    Dieser Bericht untersucht die Agrarpolitik und damit verbundenen Unterstutzungsmassnahmen fur die Landwirtschaft in der Schweiz. Er empfiehlt, dass Handelsbeschrankungen, Exportsubventionen und Direktzahlungen an Landwirte reduziert werden und mehr Anreiz fur die Produktion von qualitativ hochwertigen Produkten zu wettbewerbsfahigen Preisen gegeben wird. Er empfiehlt ausserdem die Umsetzung von regional differenzierten Politiken und dass Umweltfragen und Tierschutz durch gezielte Zahlungen und verbesserte Regelung angegangen werden.

  • af OECD
    249,95 kr.

    This report contains the 2014 "e;Phase 2: Implementation of the Standards in Practice"e; Global Forum review of Costa Rica. The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes is the multilateral framework within which work in the area of tax transparency and exchange of information is carried out by over 120 jurisdictions which participate in the work of the Global Forum on an equal footing. The Global Forum is charged with in-depth monitoring and peer review of the implementation of the standards of transparency and exchange of information for tax purposes. These standards are primarily reflected in the 2002 OECD Model Agreement on Exchange of Information on Tax Matters and its commentary, and in Article 26 of the OECD Model Tax Convention on Income and on Capital and its commentary as updated in 2004, which has been incorporated in the UN Model Tax Convention. The standards provide for international exchange on request of foreseeably relevant information for the administration or enforcement of the domestic tax laws of a requesting party. "e;Fishing expeditions"e; are not authorised, but all foreseeably relevant information must be provided, including bank information and information held by fiduciaries, regardless of the existence of a domestic tax interest or the application of a dual criminality standard. All members of the Global Forum, as well as jurisdictions identified by the Global Forum as relevant to its work, are being reviewed. This process is undertaken in two phases. Phase 1 reviews assess the quality of a jurisdiction's legal and regulatory framework for the exchange of information, while Phase 2 reviews look at the practical implementation of that framework. Some Global Forum members are undergoing combined - Phase 1 plus Phase 2 - reviews. The ultimate goal is to help jurisdictions to effectively implement the international standards of transparency and exchange of information for tax purposes.

  • af OECD
    249,95 kr.

    This report contains the 2014 "e;Phase 2: Implementation of the Standards in Practice"e; Global Forum review of Latvia. The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes is the multilateral framework within which work in the area of tax transparency and exchange of information is carried out by over 120 jurisdictions which participate in the work of the Global Forum on an equal footing. The Global Forum is charged with in-depth monitoring and peer review of the implementation of the standards of transparency and exchange of information for tax purposes. These standards are primarily reflected in the 2002 OECD Model Agreement on Exchange of Information on Tax Matters and its commentary, and in Article 26 of the OECD Model Tax Convention on Income and on Capital and its commentary as updated in 2004, which has been incorporated in the UN Model Tax Convention. The standards provide for international exchange on request of foreseeably relevant information for the administration or enforcement of the domestic tax laws of a requesting party. "e;Fishing expeditions"e; are not authorised, but all foreseeably relevant information must be provided, including bank information and information held by fiduciaries, regardless of the existence of a domestic tax interest or the application of a dual criminality standard. All members of the Global Forum, as well as jurisdictions identified by the Global Forum as relevant to its work, are being reviewed. This process is undertaken in two phases. Phase 1 reviews assess the quality of a jurisdiction's legal and regulatory framework for the exchange of information, while Phase 2 reviews look at the practical implementation of that framework. Some Global Forum members are undergoing combined - Phase 1 plus Phase 2 - reviews. The ultimate goal is to help jurisdictions to effectively implement the international standards of transparency and exchange of information for tax purposes.

  • af OECD
    249,95 kr.

    This report contains the 2014 "e;Phase 2: Implementation of the Standards in Practice"e; Global Forum review of Liechtenstein. The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes is the multilateral framework within which work in the area of tax transparency and exchange of information is carried out by over 120 jurisdictions which participate in the work of the Global Forum on an equal footing. The Global Forum is charged with in-depth monitoring and peer review of the implementation of the standards of transparency and exchange of information for tax purposes. These standards are primarily reflected in the 2002 OECD Model Agreement on Exchange of Information on Tax Matters and its commentary, and in Article 26 of the OECD Model Tax Convention on Income and on Capital and its commentary as updated in 2004, which has been incorporated in the UN Model Tax Convention. The standards provide for international exchange on request of foreseeably relevant information for the administration or enforcement of the domestic tax laws of a requesting party. "e;Fishing expeditions"e; are not authorised, but all foreseeably relevant information must be provided, including bank information and information held by fiduciaries, regardless of the existence of a domestic tax interest or the application of a dual criminality standard. All members of the Global Forum, as well as jurisdictions identified by the Global Forum as relevant to its work, are being reviewed. This process is undertaken in two phases. Phase 1 reviews assess the quality of a jurisdiction's legal and regulatory framework for the exchange of information, while Phase 2 reviews look at the practical implementation of that framework. Some Global Forum members are undergoing combined - Phase 1 plus Phase 2 - reviews. The ultimate goal is to help jurisdictions to effectively implement the international standards of transparency and exchange of information for tax purposes.

  • af OECD & Korea Institute of Public Finance
    309,95 kr.

    Intergovernmental fiscal institutions are the overarching framework for relations across government levels. They comprise the constitutional set up of a country; the division of power between government levels; the prevalence of fiscal rules across government levels; intergovernmental budget frameworks; the role of independent bodies such as fiscal councils in shaping fiscal relations; the inter-ministerial organisation of fiscal decision making; and other framework conditions shaping intergovernmental fiscal relations and fiscal policy. This book brings together academics and practitioners dealing with or being involved in shaping the institutions of intergovernmental fiscal relations. It has an interdisciplinary focus and provides insight from various academic or practitioners' fields: economists, political scientists, budget management specialists and others.

  • af OECD
    240,95 kr.

    The review analyses key areas of public governance in Costa Rica and identifies opportunities to improve the performance of the state in order to ensure more effective and efficient service delivery for all citizens. It examines co-ordination at the centre of government, public policy monitoring and evaluation and the use of the budget framework for strategic planning. It also looks at human resource management, integrity policies and public procurement, and multi-level governance. The review provides recommendations to assist the government in strengthening the capacity of the public sector to support social and economic development.

  • af OECD
    232,95 kr.

    Les pays en developpement ont de plus en plus recours a des politiques et des plans nationaux strategiques, dont l'efficacite dependra de l'evaluation correcte de la vulnerabilite de ce pays au changement climatique. Ce rapport se fonde sur les pratiques de suivi et d'evaluation qui emergent des pays developpes et en developpement, et identifie quatre outils que les pays peuvent utiliser dans leurs propres cadres d'evaluation: 1) l'evaluation des risques et vulnerabilites lies au changement climatique, 2) des indicateurs pour suivre les progres realises quant aux priorites d'adaptation, 3) l'evaluation de projets ou programmes, permettant de recenser les approches d'adaptation les plus efficaces, et 4) des audits nationaux et suivi des depenses liees au climat.La combinaison approprie d'outils pour suivre et valuer l'adaptation nationale au changement climatique sera dans une large mesure dtermine par la disponibilit des donnes, la capacit de suivi et d'valuation, et la capacit donne d'un pays runir les producteurs et les utilisateurs d'informations climatiques pertinentes. Le rapport examine galement comment les apporteurs de coopration pour le dveloppement peuvent soutenir les pays partenaires dans leurs efforts pour suivre et valuer l'adaptation.

  • af OECD
    164,95 kr.

    Strategically managing crises is an essential responsibility of governments. Often critical decisions need to be made swiftly under difficult and complex conditions, as crises' impacts may spread beyond national borders and can trigger significant economic, social and environmental knock-on effects. Governments have a significant role to play in strengthening the resilience of their populations, communities and critical infrastructure networks. This report highlights the changing landscape of crises that governments are confronted with today. It discusses new approaches to deal with both traditional and new kinds of crises, and invites reflection on how best governments can adapt to change. Topics covered include capacity for early warning and "e;sense-making"e;, crisis communication and the role of social media, as well as strategic crisis management exercises. Finally, the review proposes practical policy guidance for strategic crisis management.

  • af OECD
    164,95 kr.

    This report assesses the Republic of Kazakhstan's significant efforts to improve water supply and sanitation (WSS) services over the past 15 years, notably in terms of ambitious target-setting, implementation of a sound water tariff policy, and significant investment in the rehabilitation and development of relevant infrastructure. Generally speaking, the absence of updated data on WSS institutional development is a limiting factor for further policy and programme development in the field, including in Kazakhstan. The monitoring and evaluation system proposed in this report aims to help assess progress in the WSS sector and serve as a basis for any necessary corrective measures.

  • af OECD
    164,95 kr.

    This report on the Public Procurement Service of Korea examines the effectiveness of its system, identifying good practices that can inspire reform efforts in other countries. In particular, the report highlights the efficiency gains achieved by implementation of a comprehensive e-procurement system and the savings generated by an integrated support for government-wide contracts. It also looks at how Korea is adopting a strategic and multi-dimensional approach to using public procurement in the support of small businesses and other social objectives. In identifying possible improvements to Korea's system, recommendations include a more centralised look at workforce training and development issues and additional features for Korea's e-procurement system, as well as a review of existing certification and preference programs.

  • af OECD
    275,95 kr.

    The recent debate on the role of money in politics has shed the light on the challenges of political finance regulations. What are the risks associated with the funding of political parties and election campaigns? Why are existing regulatory models still insufficient to tackle those risks? What are the links between money in politics and broader frameworks for integrity in the public sector? This report addresses these three questions and provides a Framework on Financing Democracy, designed to shape the global debate and provide policy options as well as a mapping of risks. It also features country case studies of Canada, Chile, Estonia, France, Korea, Mexico, United Kingdom, Brazil and India, providing in-depth analysis of their political finance mechanisms and challenges in different institutional settings.

  • af OECD
    786,95 kr.

    This report monitors SME and entrepreneur access to finance in 37 countries. It includes indicators of debt, equity, asset-based finance and framework conditions for SME and entrepreneurship finance, complemented by an overview of recent developments in public and private initiatives to support SME finance. Taken together, these indicators form a comprehensive framework for policy makers and other stakeholders to evaluate the financing needs of SMEs.

  • af OECD
    164,95 kr.

    How school systems respond to immigration has an enormous impact on the economic and social well-being of all members of the communities they serve, whether they have an immigrant background or not. Immigrant Students at School: Easing the Journey towards Integration reveals some of the difficulties immigrant students encounter - and some of the contributions they offer - as they settle into their new communities and new schools. Results from the OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) indicate that students with an immigrant background tend to perform worse in school than students without an immigrant background. Several factors are associated with this disparity, including the concentration of disadvantage in the schools immigrant students attend, language barriers and certain school policies, like grade repetition and tracking, that can hinder immigrant students' progress through school. But successful integration is measured in more than academic achievement; immigrant students' well-being and hopes for the future are just as telling. This report examines not only immigrant students' aspirations and sense of belonging at school, but also recent trends in Europeans' receptiveness to welcoming immigrants into their own countries - the context that could make all the difference in how well immigrant students integrate into their new communities. The report includes a special section on refugees and education, and an extensive discussion on education policy responses to immigration.

  • af OECD
    164,95 kr.

    Nanotechnology is an emerging and promising field for advanced applications in industrial, commercial and medical sectors, and nanomaterials can be found today in sunscreens, deodorants and textiles. Yet these nanomaterials, which are increasing in number, are entering waste streams as part of end-of-life products along with conventional waste, without any real understanding of their environmental impacts or health risks on human beings and living organisms. This report provides a literature review on four specific waste treatment processes (recycling, incineration, landfilling and wastewater treatment). While state-of-the-art waste treatment facilities may collect, divert or eliminate nanomaterials from these waste streams, the report concludes that knowledge gaps associated with their final disposal remain, underlining the need for further research in this area.

  • af OECD
    164,95 kr.

    L'Examen de l'OCDE des pcheries prsente des informations sur l'volution de l'action publique et des activits conduites dans les secteurs de la pche et de l'aquaculture dans les pays de l'OCDE et les conomies partenaires, avant tout pour la priode 2012-13. L'dition de cette anne comprend l'Argentine,l'Indonsie, la Rpublique populaire de Chine, le Taipei chinois et la Lettonie. La partie I donne une vision globale des activits du secteur et comprend un chapitre compos d'instantans de deux pages par pays qui contiennent l'essentiel des statistiques et des principales volutions dans les secteurs de la pche et de l'aquaculture. La version lectronique de l'Examen offre des dtails supplmentaires sur les donnes nationales et le contexte institutionnel et celui de l'action publique, en s'appuyant sur les contributions des pays et des conomies partenaires participants.

  • af OECD
    223,95 kr.

    OECD countries are increasingly attempting to achieve savings through their public procurement systems, in particular in healthcare. In 2012, the State's Employees' Social Security and Social Services Institute in Mexico (ISSSTE) asked the OECD to review the effectiveness and integrity of its procurement system and to address bid-rigging. Many of the OECD's recommendations led to enduring reforms at ISSSTE. In 2015 the OECD conducted a new review focusing on planning and coordination of procurement activities, market research and improvement of medical services. This report presents the findings of the review and notes the ISSSTE's recent achievements. It also makes recommendations to support the alignment of the ISSSTE's procurement practices with the 2015 OECD Recommendation of the Council on Public Procurement and includes action plans for priority activities.

  • af OECD
    249,95 kr.

    This report contains the 2014 "e;Phase 2: Implementation of the Standards in Practice"e; Global Forum review of Botswana. The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes is the multilateral framework within which work in the area of tax transparency and exchange of information is carried out by over 130 jurisdictions which participate in the work of the Global Forum on an equal footing. The Global Forum is charged with in-depth monitoring and peer review of the implementation of the standards of transparency and exchange of information for tax purposes. These standards are primarily reflected in the 2002 OECD Model Agreement on Exchange of Information on Tax Matters and its commentary, and in Article 26 of the OECD Model Tax Convention on Income and on Capital and its commentary as updated in 2004, which has been incorporated in the UN Model Tax Convention. The standards provide for international exchange on request of foreseeably relevant information for the administration or enforcement of the domestic tax laws of a requesting party. "e;Fishing expeditions"e; are not authorised, but all foreseeably relevant information must be provided, including bank information and information held by fiduciaries, regardless of the existence of a domestic tax interest or the application of a dual criminality standard. All members of the Global Forum, as well as jurisdictions identified by the Global Forum as relevant to its work, are being reviewed. This process is undertaken in two phases. Phase 1 reviews assess the quality of a jurisdiction's legal and regulatory framework for the exchange of information, while Phase 2 reviews look at the practical implementation of that framework. Some Global Forum members are undergoing combined - Phase 1 plus Phase 2 - reviews. The ultimate goal is to help jurisdictions to effectively implement the international standards of transparency and exchange of information for tax purposes.

  • af OECD
    249,95 kr.

    This report contains the 2014 "e;Phase 2: Implementation of the Standards in Practice"e; Global Forum review of El Salvador. The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes is the multilateral framework within which work in the area of tax transparency and exchange of information is carried out by over 130 jurisdictions which participate in the work of the Global Forum on an equal footing. The Global Forum is charged with in-depth monitoring and peer review of the implementation of the standards of transparency and exchange of information for tax purposes. These standards are primarily reflected in the 2002 OECD Model Agreement on Exchange of Information on Tax Matters and its commentary, and in Article 26 of the OECD Model Tax Convention on Income and on Capital and its commentary as updated in 2004, which has been incorporated in the UN Model Tax Convention. The standards provide for international exchange on request of foreseeably relevant information for the administration or enforcement of the domestic tax laws of a requesting party. "e;Fishing expeditions"e; are not authorised, but all foreseeably relevant information must be provided, including bank information and information held by fiduciaries, regardless of the existence of a domestic tax interest or the application of a dual criminality standard. All members of the Global Forum, as well as jurisdictions identified by the Global Forum as relevant to its work, are being reviewed. This process is undertaken in two phases. Phase 1 reviews assess the quality of a jurisdiction's legal and regulatory framework for the exchange of information, while Phase 2 reviews look at the practical implementation of that framework. Some Global Forum members are undergoing combined - Phase 1 plus Phase 2 - reviews. The ultimate goal is to help jurisdictions to effectively implement the international standards of transparency and exchange of information for tax purposes.

  • af OECD
    206,95 kr.

    Le Departement des Affaires economiques de l'OCDE presente ses previsions concernant l'evolution de la production, de l'emploi, des prix et des balances courantes pour les deux annees a venir. Ces previsions sont fondees sur l'analyse de la situation de chaque pays Membre, compte tenu des incidences des evolutions internationales sur chacun d'entre eux. Les politiques adoptees par les gouvernements pour resoudre les problemes economiques actuels font l'objet d'une attention toute particuliere. On trouvera egalement un resume des statistiques et des previsions de l'evolution economique dans les pays non membres, en particulier ceux de l'Europe centrale et orientale ainsi que certaines economies d'Asie et d'Amerique latine. Ce numero aborde trois sujets particuliers : l'assainissement budgetaire et l'efficacite du secteur public, les implications de l'Union economique et monetaire et la liberalisation du secteur financier dans les pays emergents.Ce rapport examine egalement les progres realises dans la lutte contre le chomage.

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