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Er en indføring i landmåling, og er primært tiltænkt studerende på uddannelserne til bygningskonstruktør, byggetekniker og kort- og landmålingstekniker. Bogen vil uden tvivl også kunne finde anvendelse på andre uddannelser, hvor kendskab til land måling er påkrævet. Bogen gennemgår de grundlæggende landmålingsprincipper ved kortlægning af mindre områder. Der er lagt vægt på de praktiske metoder og med formidling af god landmålingsskik for øje. For at give en grundig indføring i principperne, vises hvordan kort kan tegnes direkte på et stykke papir og af samme årsag beskrives teodolitten, selv om denne for længst er afløst af totalstationen i det daglige praktiske arbejde.Et appendiks viser hvordan bygningsafsætninger udføres, og hvordan 3D-terrænmodeller opbygges.
This scarce antiquarian book is a selection from Kessinger Publishing's Legacy Reprint Series. Due to its age, it may contain imperfections such as marks, notations, marginalia and flawed pages. Because we believe this work is culturally important, we have made it available as part of our commitment to protecting, preserving, and promoting the world's literature. Kessinger Publishing is the place to find hundreds of thousands of rare and hard-to-find books with something of interest for everyone!
The book presents the recent advances on testing and experimentation in civil engineering, especially in the branches of geotechnics, transportation, hydraulics, and natural resources. It includes advances in physical modelling, monitoring techniques, data acquisition and analysis, and provides an invaluable contribution for the installation of new civil engineering experimental facilities. The first part of the book covers the latest advances in testing and experimentation in key domains of geotechnics: soil mechanics and geotechnical engineering, rock mechanics and rock engineering, and engineering geology. Some of the topics covered include new developments in topographic survey acquisition for applied mapping and in situ geotechnical investigations; laboratory and in situ tests to estimate the relevant parameters needed to model the behaviour of rock masses and land structures; monitoring and inspection techniques designed for offshore wind foundations. The second part of the book highlights the relevance of testing and monitoring in transportation. Full-scale accelerated pavement testing, and instrumentation becomes even more important nowadays when, for sustainability purposes, non-traditional materials are used in road and airfield pavements. Innovation in testing and monitoring pavements and railway tracks is also developed in this part of the book. Intelligent traffic systems are the new traffic management paradigm, and an overview of new solutions is addressed here. Finally, in the third part of the book, trends in the field and laboratory measurements and corresponding data analysis are presented according to the different hydraulic domains addressed in this publication, namely maritime hydraulics, surface water and river hydraulics and urban water.
This book comprises the select peer-reviewed papers presented at the 7th Indian Young Geotechnical Engineers Conference (7IYGEC 2019) held at the National Institute of Technology, Silchar. It covers recent research developments in geotechnical engineering particularly in the fields of shallow and deep foundations, rock mechanics, ground improvement techniques, geotechnical earthquake engineering, and characterization of soil. The book also discusses several computational techniques to model behavior of soil which can be useful for future research. A special emphasis is given on geo-environmental engineering for making the world cleaner and safer to live. Given the contents, the book will be beneficial for students, researchers, and professionals working in geotechnical engineering and allied areas.
Based on the success of the previous four editions, this new edition includes Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) in the title, which is part of GPS. The book introduces the concepts needed to understand and use GPS and GNSS, offering a rare combination of knowledge and skills that every land surveyor needs to master.
The fifth edition of this textbook has been completely revised and significantly extended in order to reflect the revolution of geodetic technologies, methods and applications during the last decade. The Global Geodetic Observing System established by the IAG utilizes a variety of techniques to determine the geometric shape of the earth and its kinematics, the variations of earth rotation, and the earth's gravity field. The societal importance of geodetic products was highlighted by the UN resolution on the Global Geodetic Reference Frame. In this context, both space and terrestrial techniques play a fundamental role. Recent space missions are monitoring climate-relevant processes such as mass transport in the Earth system and sea level changes. The analysis of the time variation of the geodetic products provides the link to neighboring geosciences and contributes to proper modelling of geodynamic processes. New satellite mission concepts and novel technologies such as quantum gravimetry and optical clocks show great potential to further improve the geodetic observing system in the future. The book especially addresses graduate students in the fields of geodesy, geophysics, surveying engineering, geomatics, and space navigation. It should also serve as a reference for geoscientists and engineers facing geodetic problems in their professional work. The book follows the principal directions of geodesy, providing the theoretical background as well as the principles of measurement and evaluation methods, which is enriched with numerous figures. An extensive reference list supports further studies.
Project Design for Geomatics Engineers and Surveyors, Second Edition, includes new materials on surveying and UAV, and it is thoroughly updated to keep current with the recent technology and terminology. The two new chapters capture new developments in the rapidly emerging use of remote sensing and GIS in engineering surveying.
A comprehensive consolidation of data for the world, this book gives a short precis of each nation, each nation¿s history, its topography and a chronology of the development of geodetic surveying and coordinate systems for that specific nation. A starting point of information for understanding the world¿s datums and grids.
PRACTICAL GUIDE TO DIAGNOSING STRUCTURAL MOVEMENT IN BUILDINGSConcise and readable practitioner focused guide to diagnosing the causes of cracks and movement in buildingsThe expanded and updated Second Edition of Practical Guide to Diagnosing Structural Movement in Buildings shows how movement can manifest as cracking in the building fabric and provides a rigorous, structured approach to understanding the evidence to ensure the surveyor can confidently diagnose the cause and impact of any structural movement they encounter.The book is written in four parts, with part one describing the key principles of movement and cracking. Parts two and three describe the main features of common forms of movement and the associated crack patterns, with part two covering causes other than ground or foundation movement and part three covering movement caused by ground or foundations. Part four briefly describes the techniques used to arrest further movement or repair damage caused by movement.Topics covered in Practical Guide to Diagnosing Structural Movement in Buildings include:* First principles, including crack patterns and cracks, rotational movement, weak routes, load distribution, and movement and orientation* Expansion cracking, cavity wall tie corrosion, roof spread, springing from deflected beams, and overloaded floors and beams* Clay heave, uneven loading, eccentric loading on foundations, drains and drain trenches, differential foundation movement, and load concentrations on foundations* Repair methods, including stitching in brickwork, reinforcing brick mortar joints, tie bars, restraint straps, underpinning, grouting, and root barriersPrimarily intended for the relatively inexperienced surveyor or engineer, as well as undergraduate students, Practical Guide to Diagnosing Structural Movement in Buildings focuses on identification and diagnosis, helping to correctly diagnose problems while also demonstrating a methodical approach to show and record how the diagnosis was reached, which is critical in client satisfaction.
The definitive M&E price book with additions to the measured works, updates to approximate estimating and new engineering features.
Captures real material, plant and labour costs from the UK¿s major live rail, civils and highways projects.
Spon¿s A&B still provides the most accurate, detailed and professionally relevant construction price information for the UK, with a VitalSource® ebook, for use until the end of 2023.
Academic Paper from the year 2018 in the subject Business economics - Investment and Finance, grade: 3.0, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (College of Arts and Built Environment), course: Constuction Management, language: English, abstract: Cost estimation models deal with arrangement of data, assumptions and equations that permit the translation of physical resources or characteristics into cost. These models serve as framework for forecasting the probable cost of proposed construction projects. They can be classified as either traditional or non-traditional depending on the cost variable formulation. However, in the Ghanaian construction industry, quantity surveyors traditionally estimate the initial cost of building projects using the traditional models, which have been criticized overtime for its inaccuracies. The purpose of the study is to provide account on cost estimation modeling as the basis for proposing strategies for the utilization of non-traditional cost estimation models. Specifically, it intends to determine the awareness level of quantity surveying professionals on cost estimation models; to identify the barriers of cost estimation model's utilization; identify drivers of cost estimation model's utilization and finally propose strategies for the utilization of non-traditional cost estimation models. Construction projects require more capital and it demands that a cost plan is undertaken before its execution. The cost of construction projects is mostly needed by prospective clients to know the level of funds needed to handle cash flow. Gunayin and Dogan argued that cost estimation is a major significant criterion in making decisions at the early phases of a building construction process which involves designing, bidding traditionally and constructing. It is vital to prepare cost estimations with high level of accuracy at every stage of the construction process especially initial stages. The exact cost estimates are necessary to the successful execution of every project. Time, cost and quality play a vital role in the success of every project, hence ideal to perform them at the minimum time, cost and quality.The preliminary estimate of cost pertaining to construction projects is seen as a cost limitation for a project. Any inaccurate estimation caused by errors in the initial estimation process will bring about frustrations and dissatisfaction to clients. In an effort to prepare cost estimates within an unfavourable time frame, some cost prediction methods are used. However, these methods have some problems which have effects on the accuracy of the cost estimates.
At the early project stages of plant construction, cost estimates for projects in the process industry are a prerequisite for gaining a competitive advantage in a global market with increasing commodity prices, engineering and installation costs. This book gives readers a detailed overview of the structure of cost estimates in brownfield and greenfield plant projects and the method of preparing the required accompanying documentation. Using a project example, the book presents a cost estimate with different levels of accuracy. The attachment comprises cost estimation templates and corresponding documents that can also be ordered separately from the publisher as Word and Excel files.. Basics of cost estimation. Cost estimation types, classes and methods. Planning (engineering). Equipment and material procurement. Installation and construction. Exemplary templates
This is a classic practitioner's handbook for surveyors involved in the appraisal of residential property for lending purposes. Thus, it will focus on the distinct professional roles required by Mortgage Valuations (MVs) amd Home Buyers Surveys.
Covers all the basic methods of surveying and levelling, the applications of surveying and levelling, and the calculation of areas and volumes of earth work involved in field work. Minor instruments used in the field are also explained. A number of solved problems are included to aid understanding.